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Article ID: 700949

Does Your Gut Hold the Key to Your Mind?

Ohio State University

Researchers around the world are exploring the gut/brain axis in the quest for knowledge about mood disorders such as depression, neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s and chronic conditions such as Crohn’s disease.

Released:
21-Sep-2018 4:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    20-Sep-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 700558

Scientists Grow Human Esophagus in Lab

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Scientists working to bioengineer the entire human gastrointestinal system in a laboratory now report using pluripotent stem cells to grow human esophageal organoids. The newly published research in the journal Cell Stem Cell is the first time scientists have been able to grow human esophageal tissue entirely from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), which can form any tissue type in the body.

Released:
17-Sep-2018 6:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 700808

Case Western Reserve’s Dr. Ahmad Khalil Receives NIH Funding to Develop New Paradigm in Fight against Colorectal Cancer

Case Western Reserve University

Certain genes that code for proteins have long been known to contribute to cancer progression. But in a frame shift, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine recently found that non-coding genes also contribute to the development and spreading of the disease, one of the first known examples of researchers doing so. The lead author of the study reporting this finding, Ahmad Khalil, PhD, assistant professor of genetics and genome sciences at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, has been awarded a five-year, $1.85 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to build on the discovery, with an eventual aim of pinpointing additional targets for cancer-fighting treatments.

Released:
20-Sep-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    20-Sep-2018 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 700718

Detecting Epigenetic Signature May Help People Stay Ahead of IBD

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

With an estimated 1.6 million people in the U.S. dealing with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), physicians can have a hard time telling which newly diagnosed patients have a high risk of severe inflammation or what therapies will be most effective. Now researchers report in the journal JCI Insights finding an epigenetic signature in patient cells that appears to predict inflammation risk in a serious type of IBD called Crohn’s disease.

Released:
18-Sep-2018 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 700803

A Behavioral Intervention for Cancer Patients That Works

Ohio State University

This is a story about something rare in health psychology: a treatment that has gone from scientific discovery, through development and testing, to dissemination and successful implementation nationwide.

Released:
20-Sep-2018 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 700691

Baldwin Wallace Poll Shows Voter Enthusiasm Gap in Advance of Ohio Midterm Election

Baldwin Wallace University

A Baldwin Wallace University survey reveals that a strong majority of likely Ohio voters have magnified the significance of the 2018 midterm elections, with nearly 58% saying that voting this November is more important than in previous midterms.

Released:
18-Sep-2018 7:05 AM EDT

Law and Public Policy

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Article ID: 700624

Case Western Reserve School of Medicine Receives NIH Funding to Investigate New Imaging Approach for Peripheral Vascular Disease

Case Western Reserve University

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has received a three-year, $1,118,556 grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to investigate a new imaging approach for diagnosing peripheral arterial disease, a common and potentially serious circulatory problem. More than 200 million people worldwide suffer from the condition.

Released:
17-Sep-2018 10:05 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    17-Sep-2018 6:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 700490

One Big Reason Why Women Drop Out of Doctoral STEM Programs

Ohio State University

Many women in doctoral degree programs in fields like engineering and physics are in a class of their own – and that’s not a good thing. A new study found that the fewer females who enter a doctoral program at the same time, the less likely any one of them will graduate within six years.

Released:
13-Sep-2018 10:40 AM EDT

Education

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Article ID: 700564

Case Western Reserve’s Dr. Lan Zhou Receives $2M NIH Grant to Study Colorectal Cancer Development

Case Western Reserve University

Lan Zhou, MD, PhD, associate professor of pathology at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has received a five-year, $2 million grant from the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study human colorectal cancer. Her work focuses on the effect of the imbalance of the gut microbiome, the immune response, and genetics in the development of adenocarcinoma (cancer that forms in the lining of the glands) through the serrated pathway.

Released:
14-Sep-2018 10:55 AM EDT
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Article ID: 700540

Study: Antibiotics Destroy Immune Cells and Worsen Oral Infection

Case Western Reserve University

New research shows that the body’s own microbes are effective in maintaining immune cells and killing certain oral infections.

Released:
13-Sep-2018 4:35 PM EDT

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