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Article ID: 705477

Study identifies location of DNA that gives clues to hidden cancer mutations

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A new study by UCLA scientists shows that enhancers, snippets of DNA that contribute to gene regulation, fall into the same “insulated neighborhoods” or chromatin loops as the target gene and other gene-specific regulatory elements.

Released:
14-Dec-2018 10:05 AM EST

Article ID: 705446

Kidney Transplant Survivor Toasts Life This Holiday Season

Cedars-Sinai

Here's a great holiday story about a 20-year-old Reno, NV, man whose mother saved his life. Harley Brackney's snowboarding accident and subsequent trip to the emergency room led to the shocking discovery that he had a life-altering condition - stage 5 renal failure - and needed a kidney transplant. Fortunately for Harley Brackney, his mom was a perfect match and instead of waiting 7 to 10 years for a donor organ -- as many people must -- he was able to have a transplant in just a matter of months.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 2:05 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    13-Dec-2018 2:00 PM EST

Article ID: 705380

Researchers uncover molecular mechanisms linked to autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Two studies have linked DNA changes to their molecular effects in the brain, revealing new mechanisms for psychiatric diseases. The findings provide a roadmap for developing a new generation of therapies for conditions like autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Released:
12-Dec-2018 6:00 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Dec-2018 5:00 PM EST

Article ID: 705020

15 percent of babies exposed to Zika before birth had severe abnormalities in first 18 months of life

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

By age 12 to 18 months, 6.25% of children exposed to Zika during their mothers’ pregnancies had eye abnormalities, 12.2% had hearing problems, and 11.7% had severe delays in language, motor skills and/or cognitive function. In all, 14.5% had at least one of the three abnormalities.

Released:
5-Dec-2018 8:05 PM EST

Article ID: 705336

What can a snowflake teach us about how cancer spreads in the body?

University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering

Conventional math cannot adequately model the interaction of multiple genes over multiple time frames – a necessary foundation for any cancer-fighting drugs. The study, published in “Frontiers in Physiology” by Mahboobeh Ghorbani, Edmond Jonckheere and Paul Bogdan of the Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering, is the first study that accounts for the memory, cross-dependence and fractality of gene expression

Released:
12-Dec-2018 12:05 PM EST
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Article ID: 705184

Sprayable gel developed by UCLA-led team could help the body fight off cancer after surgery

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Many people who are diagnosed with cancer will undergo some type of surgery to treat their disease — almost 95 percent of people with early-diagnosed breast cancer will require surgery and it’s often the first line of treatment for people with brain tumors, for example. But despite improvements in surgical techniques over the past decade, the cancer often comes back after the procedure.

Released:
10-Dec-2018 1:05 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    10-Dec-2018 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 704933

A minority of countries offer free early childhood education, UCLA researchers report

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Few governments make pre-primary education available on a tuition-free basis for two or more years, according to a new study from the WORLD Policy Analysis Center.

Released:
4-Dec-2018 4:30 PM EST

Education

Article ID: 705140

Living With Cancer: Some Men With Prostate Cancer Opt Out of Surgery

Cedars-Sinai

Of the 165,000 men in the U.S. expected to be diagnosed with prostate cancer this year, about half will have low-risk disease. Many of those patients will opt for active surveillance -- a process in which men with low-risk, slow-growing prostate cancer are regularly monitored to see if the cancer starts to grow and requires treatment.

Released:
10-Dec-2018 6:00 AM EST

Article ID: 705049

Providing supervised medical-grade heroin to heavy users can reduce harms

RAND Corporation

Providing supervised access to medical-grade heroin to people whose use continues after trying multiple traditional treatments has been successful in other countries, and should be piloted and studied in the United States, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Released:
6-Dec-2018 12:20 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 704934

Cedars-Sinai Surgeon Uses New Device to Perform First-Ever Surgery

Cedars-Sinai

Vascular surgeon Ali Azizzadeh, MD, was the first to use a newly approved, minimally invasive device to perform a series of innovative surgeries on patients with aneurysms of the aorta, the main vessel that delivers blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

Released:
5-Dec-2018 6:00 AM EST

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