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Article ID: 696243

CHOP’s Center for Autism Research Shows How the Brain’s “Reward Circuit” Plays a Key Role in Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

A pair of recent studies performed by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania represents a significant step forward in understanding the role of the brain’s “reward circuit” and certain hallmarks of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), namely difficulty interpreting or engaging in typical social behavior and restricted or repetitive interests or behaviors.

Released:
18-Jun-2018 1:00 PM EDT
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    18-Jun-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696081

Scientists Learn More about How Gene Linked to Autism Affects Brain

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

New preclinical research shows a gene already linked to a subset of people with autism spectrum disorder is critical to healthy neuronal connections in the developing brain, and its loss can harm those connections to help fuel the complex developmental condition. Scientists report in Developmental Cell their data clarify the biological role of the gene CHD8 and its protein CHD8 in developing oligodendrocytes, cells that form a protective insulation around nerves.

Released:
13-Jun-2018 2:45 PM EDT
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Article ID: 696144

'Teachers are brain engineers': UW study shows how intensive instruction changes brain circuitry in struggling readers

University of Washington

Using MRI measurements of the brain's neural connections, or “white matter,” UW researchers have shown that, in struggling readers, the neural circuitry strengthened — and their reading performance improved — after just eight weeks of a specialized tutoring program. The study, published June 8 in Nature Communications, is the first to measure white matter during an intensive educational intervention and link children's learning with their brains' flexibility.

Released:
14-Jun-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    7-Jun-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 695663

Active HIV in Large White Blood Cells May Drive Cognitive Impairment in Infected Mice

Mount Sinai Health System

An experimental model of HIV infection in mice, developed by Mount Sinai researchers, has shown that HIV causes learning and memory dysfunction, a cognitive disease that is now observed in about half of HIV infected people that worsens with age, and is currently incurable.

Released:
6-Jun-2018 9:30 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    7-Jun-2018 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 695584

Waves Move Across the Human Brain to Support Memory

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Columbia Engineers have discovered a new fundamental feature of brain oscillations: they actually move rhythmically across the brain, reflecting patterns of neuronal activity that propagate across the cortex. The researchers also found that the traveling waves moved more reliably when subjects performed well while performing a working memory task, indicating traveling waves are important for memory and cognition: the waves play a significant role in supporting brain connectivity.

Released:
4-Jun-2018 5:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 695722

Poor Sleep Efficiency Linked to Lower Cognitive Functioning in People with Diabetes and Prediabetes

University of Illinois at Chicago

A study published in the journal Acta Diabetologica reports that people with diabetes and prediabetes who have lower sleep efficiency – a measure of how much time in bed is actually spent sleeping – have poorer cognitive function than those with better sleep efficiency.“The cognitive effects of poor sleep quality are worse for this population, which we know is already at risk for developing cognitive impairment as a result of having diabetes,” said Dr.

Released:
6-Jun-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 695579

I Saw That. Brain Mechanisms Create Confidence About Things Seen

Georgia Institute of Technology

At the threshold of what we call consciousness is a brain function that makes you feel confidently aware that you are actually seeing what you see. Psychologists at Georgia Tech have observed mechanisms involved in making it work.

Released:
4-Jun-2018 4:35 PM EDT
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    1-Jun-2018 5:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 695399

Researchers Find Autism Screening App Is Caregiver-Friendly & Produces Reliable Scientific Data

NYU Langone Health

Autism screening app is a novel, parent-friendly, and scalable way to collect scientifically valid data.

Released:
1-Jun-2018 6:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 695404

This is your brain detecting patterns

Ohio State University

Detecting patterns is an important part of how humans learn and make decisions. Now, researchers have seen what is happening in people’s brains as they first find patterns in information they are presented.

Released:
31-May-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 695373

Blood Test Shows Promise for Predicting Cerebral Palsy in Preemies

Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

As the first step toward predicting cerebral palsy in premature infants, scientists have identified a panel of microRNAs that are changed in babies who later develop abnormal muscle tone. MicroRNAs are small, noncoding RNA molecules that are important regulators of gene expression affecting developmental processes. Searching for microRNAs that could serve as early biomarkers – biological signs of disease – scientists for the first time have demonstrated that it is feasible to evaluate over 750 microRNAs using only one-half milliliter of blood collected from babies weighing less than 1500 grams (or under three pounds). Results were published in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation – International.

Released:
31-May-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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