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Medicine

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body weight and health, Obese Adolescents, Obesity, body weight index, Diet, Diet Quality, diet quantity

Diet Quality Matters Not Just Quantity in Mid-to-Late-Adulthood

A new study in Obesity investigated the impact of diet quality in mid-to-late-adulthood on visceral and liver fat not solely relying on Body Mass Index (BMI). Four different measures of diet quality were used to evaluate dietary intake of the multiethnic population over a twenty-year span. Maintaining a high quality diet during mid-to-late adulthood may prevent adverse metabolic consequences related to visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL).

Science

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Soils, Claypan, Potassium, Phosphorus, Fertilizer, Agriculture

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jul-2017 10:00 AM EDT

Medicine

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Decision Making, alcohol use disorders, Antisocial Behaviors, Incentives, Disincentives, Responsibilities, Party fun

How Do People Decide: Should I Go, Stay, Drink?

Many studies of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) use tasks that involve monetary rewards or losses to examine individual decision-making vis-à-vis alcohol and other substance use. Yet drinking typically occurs in specific social and incentive contexts that do not involve economic decision-making. This study examined decisions about attending, and drinking in, hypothetical drinking/social contexts wherein several different incentive and disincentive options were provided to the individual.

Medicine

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breast cancer, breast cancer clinical trials, breast cancer stem cells, cancer stem cells, CK5, lynsey fettig, retinoic acid, retinoids, university of colorado cancer center

CU Cancer Center Study May Explain Failure of Retinoic Acid Trials Against Breast Cancer

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University of Colorado Cancer Center study published online ahead of print in the journal Oncogene offers compelling evidence explaining failure of retinoic acid trials against breast cancer and offers a possible strategy for their use.

Science

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Geoengineering, University of Washington, marine clouds, Aerosols, Clouds, Climate Change

Could Spraying Particles Into Marine Clouds Help Cool the Planet?

A first test of humans’ ability to modify clouds would help explain the behavior of clouds and aerosols, while also testing a possible future climate emergency measure.

Medicine

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Penn Medicine Cardiology Researcher Wins American Heart Association Outstanding Early Career Investigator Award

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Benjamin L. Prosser, PhD, an assistant professor of Physiology, in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has received the Outstanding Early Career Investigator Award from the American Heart Association’s Council on Basic Cardiovascular Sciences, one of its scientific divisions

Medicine

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eye, Regeneration, Muller Cell, Epigenetics, Neurons, Retinal Disease, eye trauma, National Eye Institute (NEI), National Institutes Of Health (NIH), Zebrafish, ocular trauma, Blindness

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jul-2017 1:00 PM EDT

Medicine

Science

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Risk Analysis, Measles, Rubella, Vaccine, rubella vaccine, Measles Vaccine, WHO, CDC

Risk Analysis Releases Special Issue Supporting Global Measles and Rubella Elimination

Today, Risk Analysis, an International Journal, published Part 2 of a special issue focused on modeling global measles and rubella health and financial costs (following the publication of Part I in July 2016). The special issue outlines the tools used by the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assess performance of measles control activities, evaluate progress toward regional measles elimination, and identify high risk areas to better allocate available resources to meet national and regional elimination goals.

Science

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High-temperature superconductivity, Cuprates, superconductivity; cuprates; liquid crystal; electricity; atoms; , Superconductivity, electron motion

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jul-2017 1:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Cancer, Smoking and cancer

Scientists Identify Gene Mutations in Smoking-Related Cancers

African-Americans typically have worse outcomes from smoking-related cancers than Caucasians, but the reasons for this remain elusive. However, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have taken a big step toward solving this puzzle.







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