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Medicine

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Air Pollution, Kidney Disease

Air Pollution May Have Damaging Effects on the Kidneys

• In a study of US veterans, researchers found a linear relationship between air pollution levels and risk of experiencing kidney function decline and of developing kidney disease or kidney failure.

Medicine

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Opioids, Dialysis

Study Reveals High Rates of Opioid Prescriptions and Excessive Dosing in Dialysis Patients

• From 2006 to 2010, almost two thirds of US dialysis patients received at least one opioid prescription every year and >20% received chronic prescriptions. • More than 25% of dialysis patients using opioids received doses exceeding recommendations • Use of opioid medications was linked with higher risks of early death, discontinuation of dialysis, and the need for hospitalization in dialysis patients.

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EMBARGOED AJPH Research: Sugar-Sweetened Soda and Weight, Gun Retailers as Partners for Suicide Prevention, Twitter as Predictor of Health Outcomes, Changing Nutrition Patterns in Chinese Social Classes

In this month’s release, find new embargoed research on sugar-sweetened soda and weight, gun retailers and suicide prevention, Twitter as predictor of health outcomes and changing nutrition patterns in China

Medicine

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Endocrine Society, New Year Resolutions, New Year's Resolutions, Weight, Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, Endocrinology, Healthy Diet, Diet, Exercise

Using Science to Achieve Your Weight Loss Goals

Science

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Jellyfish, Sleep, Cassiopea, Caltech, Paul Sternberg, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Circadian Rhythm

Signs of Sleep Seen in Jellyfish

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The upside-down jellyfish Cassiopea demonstrates the three hallmarks of sleep and represents the first example of sleep in animals without a brain, HHMI researchers report.

Medicine

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Preterm Birth, Premature Birth, infant care, Preemie Care, Insulin Resistance, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes, Obesity, maternal separation, Metabolic Disorder, Low Oxygen, Hypoxia, Body Temperature

Preemies’ Separation from Mom + Physical Stress May Increase Health Risks in Adulthood

A new study suggests that physiological stress in premature infants combined with separation from their mothers may have lasting effects into adulthood. In clinical studies, these factors have been found to increase the risk of obesity and insulin resistance, leading to metabolic disorders such as metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Medicine

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Nephrology

American Society of Nephrology’s Kidney Week 2017: The Intersection of Basic Science and Clinical Care: The Future of Personalized Nephrology

Washington, DC (September 20, 2017)—The world’s largest gathering of kidney health professionals will join forces in New Orleans from October 31–November 5, 2017, and serve as a major forum for the dissemination of advances in basic, clinical, and translational research as well as advances in clinical practice to the basic science and clinical community during the American Society of Nephrology’s Kidney Week 2017.

Business

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DHS, S&T, R&D, Tech, Transition, technology transition, Cybersecurity, Commercialization, Intellectual Property, datasets, data sets, Cyber, critical infrastruture, Sensors

DHS S&T Announces Dual Licensing of Transition to Practice Program Technologies

DHS S&T today announced that for the first time two of its Transition to Practice (TTP) program cybersecurity technologies have been commercialized simultaneously by a single company.

Business

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DHS S&T, R&D, explosivies, EXD, Explosives Detection, surface transportation, WMATA, subway security, Screening, video screening

Surface Transportation Security – Soft Target, Hard Problem

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S&T’s Surface Transportation Explosives Threat Detection (STETD) Program is working to provide the surface transportation end-user community with the capability to screen for potential threat items at the speed of the traveling public.

Science

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whispering gallery, micro-laser, whispering gallery mode, Resonators, tunable laser, Laser, Optics, Photonics, T. Siegle, M. Remmel, S. Krammer , H. Kalt, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, APL Photonics

Tiny Lasers from a Gallery of Whispers

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Whispering gallery mode resonators rely on a phenomenon similar to an effect observed in circular galleries, and the same phenomenon applies to light. When light is stored in ring-shaped or spherical active resonators, the waves superimpose in such a way that it can result in laser light. This week in APL Photonics, investigators report a new type of dye-doped WGM micro-laser that produces light with tunable wavelengths.







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