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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 14-Dec-2016 2:00 PM EST

Science

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Climate Change Is Already Causing Widespread Local Extinction in Plant and Animal Species

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Extinctions related to climate change have already happened in hundreds of plant and animal species around the world. New research, publishing on December 8th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, shows that local extinctions have already occurred in 47% of the 976 plant and animal species studied.

Science

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California Earthquake Experts, Mammals During Age of Dinosaurs Packed a Powerful Bite, Closing the Carbon Loop, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

Science

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Zahavi’s handicap principle, Natural Selection, Sexual Selection, Evolution, Biology, ornamentation

Study Explains Evolution Phenomenon That Puzzled Darwin

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Why do some animals have extravagant, showy ornaments -- think deer antlers, peacock feathers and horns on beetles -- that can be a liability to survival? Northwestern University researchers have a possible explanation for this puzzling phenomenon of evolution.

Science

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Templeton, Parus Major, Pacific University, Pacific University (Ore.), Songbird, Great Tits, Traffic, Noise Pollution, Vehicle

Songbirds Sound the Alarm About Traffic Noise

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A new study led by Pacific University biologist Chris Templeton demonstrates that the alarm calls of songbirds are dramatically impaired by road traffic noise. Research by Templeton and colleagues has shown that signals critical for the survival of animals are compromised when birds live near even moderately busy roads.

Science

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Moths, Trees, Defoliation, Caterpillars, plant protection

Emergence of winter moths has URI scientist worried about another spring of defoliation

Winter moths are creating a nuisance and laying eggs that may lead to another spring of defoliated and dying trees.

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Ocean Acidification Study Offers Warnings for Marine Life, Habitats

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Acidification of the world’s oceans could drive a cascading loss of biodiversity in some marine habitats, according to research published today in Nature Climate Change.

Medicine

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Nature, Health, Research

REI Foundation Awards $200,000 Grant for Center for Nature and Health at UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland

Supporting the intersection of children’s health and the outdoors, the REI Foundation is awarding a $200,000 grant to UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland’s Center for Nature and Health (CNH). CNH develops clinical programs, conducts original research, and seeks to address health inequities by promoting access to nature as part patients’ care and overall well-being.

Science

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EPA, Lake Champlain, algae bloom, Computer Modeling, UVM, Vermont, Phosphorus

Study: Climate Change Could Outpace EPA Lake Protections

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New research suggests that Lake Champlain may be more susceptible to damage from climate change than was previously understood—and that, therefore, the rules created by the EPA to protect the lake may be inadequate to prevent algae blooms and water quality problems as the region gets hotter and wetter.

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Snakes, illegal trade, invasive animals, Biodiversity, Reptiles, Introduced Species

Snake Black Market Poses Risk to Humans and Wildlife

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The illegal reptile trade, including venomous snakes, could put wildlife, the environment and human lives at risk, a new study has found.

Science

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Storm Forecasts, Lightning, Weather, GOES-R, weather forecasting

How Lightning Strikes Can Improve Storm Forecasts

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Research shows that real-time lightning observations could significantly improve forecasts of large storm events.

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Climate Change Already Dramatically Disrupting All Elements of Nature, Three New Bird Species Discovered in Africa, The Fastest Flyer in the Animal Kingdom, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on Animals in the Wildlife News Source

Science

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artificial photosynthesis, Solar Cell, solar cell efficiency, solar cell development

Solar Cells Get Boost with Integration of Water-Splitting Catalyst Onto Semiconductor

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Berkeley Lab scientists have found a way to engineer the atomic-scale chemical properties of a water-splitting catalyst for integration with a solar cell, and the result is a big boost to the stability and efficiency of artificial photosynthesis. The research comes out of the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP), established to develop a cost-effective method of turning sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into fuel.

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Brazilian Free-Tailed Bat Is the Fastest Flyer in the Animal Kingdom

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Bats are not just skillful aviators, they can also reach record-breaking speeds.

Science

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stray cats, feral cats, Songbirds, Animal Control

Large Numbers of Outdoor Cats Pose Challenges for Communities

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The number of outdoor cats in the city of Guelph is eye-raising, and these cats are more likely to be found in low-income residential areas, according to a new study from the University of Guelph.

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Plant Discovered That Neither Photosynthesizes Nor Blooms

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Project Associate Professor Kenji Suetsugu (Kobe University Graduate School of Science) has discovered a new species of plant on the subtropical Japanese island of Kuroshima (located off the southern coast of Kyushu in Kagoshima prefecture) and named it Gastrodia kuroshimensis. This research was published on October 14 in the Phytotaxa.

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National Parks, Climate Change, Phenology, onset of spring, UW-Milwaukee , National Parks Service, US Geological Survey, USA National Phenology Network, Climate

Spring Starting Earlier in U.S. National Parks, Study Finds

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Spring is beginning earlier than its historical average in three-quarters of United States’ national parks studied in new research that employed models created by UWM climatologist Mark Schwartz.

Science

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David Rowley, Miquela Ingalls, Geophysical Sciences, Plate Tectonics

Case of Earth’s Missing Continental Crust Solved: It Sank

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How do you make half the mass of two continents disappear? To answer that question, you first need to discover that it’s missing. That’s what a trio of University of Chicago geoscientists and their collaborator did, and their explanation for where the mass went significantly changes prevailing ideas about what can happen when continents collide.

Science

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Hurricane Matthew, Emergency Response, Weather, weather alert, Climate

Hurricane Matthew Continues Westward Shift, Strikes US East Coast

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Peccaries of Mesoamerica Now Highly Threatened, Warn Experts

Hunting, deforestation, and cattle ranching in Mesoamerica have become a triad of trouble for the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari), an ecologically important species now threatened with regional extinction, according WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and a group of experts at a recently held meeting in Belize.







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