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Neuroscience, Brain, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Hippocampus, Reward-based learning, place cells

The Brain Uses Backward Instant Replays to Remember Important Travel Routes

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Neuroscientists believe they have figured out how rats solve certain navigational problems. If there’s a “reward” at the end of the trip, specialized neurons in the hippocampus of the brain “replay” the route taken to get it, but backward. And the greater the reward, the more often the rats’ brains replay it.

Medicine

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Focused Ultrasound, media advisory, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Alzheimer's Disease, Essential Tremor, Parkinson's Disease, Epilepsy, Brain Tumor, Prostate, Prostate Cancer, immunotheraphy, Pancreatic Cancer, Breast Cancer, Soft Tissue Tumors, Arthritis, Neuropathic Pain, HIFU, Brain, New England Journal Of Medicine

Briefing on Clinical Advances in Focused Ultrasound

A briefing featuring short presentations on key data shared at the 5th International Symposium on Focused Ultrasound. Experts will highlight clinical outcomes and advances in the use of focused ultrasound – a non-invasive therapeutic technology – to treat brain disorders, cancers, pain and hypertension. A Q&A and opportunity for interviews will follow.

Medicine

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Essential Tremor, Movement Disorders, Focused Ultrasound

Scalpel-Free Surgery Proves Safe, Effective for Treating Essential Tremor

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A study published today in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine offers the most in-depth assessment yet of the safety and effectiveness of a high-tech alternative to brain surgery to treat the uncontrollable shaking caused by the most common movement disorder. And the news is very good.

Medicine

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Medicine And Health, Mental Health, Neurology

In Unstable Times, the Brain Reduces Cell Production to Help Cope

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People who experience job loss, divorce, death of a loved one or any number of life's upheavals often adopt coping mechanisms to make the situation less traumatic.

Medicine

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Cell Biology, Medicine & Health, Neurology

Scientists Identify Spark Plug That Ignites Nerve Cell Demise in ALS

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Scientists from Harvard Medical School have identified a key instigator of nerve cell damage in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, a progressive and incurable neurodegenerative disorder.

Medicine

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Crohn's Disease, Digestive Disorders, Medicine And Health, Healthcare Systems

New Research Shows Impact of Crohn's Disease on Brain Function

New research published in the UEG Journal1 has found that Crohn's disease sufferers experience slower response times than matched individuals that do not have the disease.

Medicine

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Essential Tremor, Focused Ultrasound, MRI, Neurologial, Movement Disorder, Tremor, Clinical Trial

NEJM Study: MRI-Guided Focused Ultrasound Effective to Treat Essential Tremor, Most Common Movement Disorder

Treatment with MRI-guided focused ultrasound significantly improves tremors and quality of life in patients with essential tremor (ET), the most common movement disorder, according to a study published in the August 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UM SOM), were among an international group of investigators studying this new noninvasive treatment, which was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), based on this research.

Medicine

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Cancer, Obesity, Cancer Risk, Cancer Risk Reduction, Stomach Cancer, Liver Cancer, gall bladder cancer, Pancreas Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Meningioma, Thyroid Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, Excess Weight, Overweight

Excess weight linked to 8 more cancer types

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There’s yet another reason to maintain a healthy weight as we age. An international team of researchers has identified eight additional types of cancer linked to excess weight and obesity: stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, ovary, meningioma (a type of brain tumor), thyroid cancer and the blood cancer multiple myeloma.

Medicine

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Stroke, Prevention, biomarkers, Brain, Aging, Neurology, American Academy Of Neurology, AAN

Biomarkers May Help Better Predict Who Will Have a Stroke

People with high levels of four biomarkers in the blood may be more likely to develop a stroke than people with low levels of the biomarkers, according to a study published in the August 24, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, smart helmet, concussion detection, Concussion, concussion awareness, Football Head Injury, Football, Football Helmets, Derrick Oaxaca, Space Race, CAI, NASA, tau, Tau Protein, TBI, Traumatic Brain Injury, Brain Injury

Smart Helmet for Football Players May Help Detect Concussions

A smart helmet that can help diagnose concussions in football players is being developed by medical students at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso).

Science

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Center for Behavioral Neuroscience , Georgia State University, National Science Foundation, Human Brain, Evolution, technological learning, Erin Hecht

Neuroscientists Receive NSF Grant to Study Evolution of Brain To Support Technological Learning

The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience (CBN) at Georgia State University has received a three-year, $970,704 grant from the National Science Foundation to investigate how the human brain has evolved to support technological learning.

Medicine

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS), MS, Neurologic Conditions, Diagnostics, Misdiagnosis, Neurology, Migraine, Fibromyalgia

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-Aug-2016 4:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Epilelpsy

Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Receives Top Epilepsy Ranking From the National Association of Epilepsy Centers

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Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) has been recognized by the National Association of Epilepsy Centers (NAEC) as a Level 4 epilepsy center, providing the highest–level medical and surgical evaluation and treatment for patients with complex epilepsy.

Medicine

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alzheimer disease, Behaivor, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Neurology, Mental Health, personality and attitude, Social Behavioral Sciences

Too Much Activity in Certain Areas of the Brain Is Bad for Memory and Attention

Neurons in the brain interact by sending each other chemical messages, so-called neurotransmitters. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most common inhibitory neurotransmitter, which is important to restrain neural activity, preventing neurons from getting too trigger-happy and from firing too much or responding to irrelevant stimuli.

Medicine

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UCLA health, UCLA Health System, UCLA, UCLA DOCTORS, Back To School, bullied children, bullying in schools, Bully Prevention, Friendship Building, children activities, Emotional Development, Parenting, school anxiety, School Anxiety Disorders, Adolescent Anxiety Disorder, Depressed Adolescents, Eating Disorder, athletes and brain injury, Concussion, Concussi

UCLA Health experts advisory for September

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UCLA Health experts are available to discuss a wide variety of topics of interest, with a focus on back-to-school issues, for the month of September.

Medicine

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White House Fellow, Washington Family Gifted Scholar , Lindsey Ross MD

Cedars-Sinai Resident Neurosurgeon Accepted Into Prestigious White House Fellows Program

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Cedars-Sinai resident neurosurgeon Lindsey Ross, MD, a member of the medical center’s Neurological Surgery Residency Program, has won a coveted position as a 2016-2017 White House Fellow. Starting this week, Ross will spend the next year in Washington working in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and participating in roundtable discussions with top government leaders, including President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden.

Medicine

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Epigenetics, Dna Methylation, Methyltransferase, Intrinsic Membrane Excitability

Discovery of Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Researchers show that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control — dynamic changes in DNA methylation — is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural cells. The sites of such methylation changes may offer a potential therapeutic target in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Medicine

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Nanoparticle That Mimics Salmonella Counteracts Chemotherapy Resistance, Protein’s Role in Cell Division, A Novel MRI Method, and MORE in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

Science

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Concussion, Concussion research, Computer Engineering, Microprocessors, Football Head Injury, Brain Injury

Teenager Creates System to Reduce Concussions Among Football Players

Berto Garcia, who will start his second year at Texas Tech, created the system in high school for a science fair project. He now has a provisional patent. He’s 19.

Science

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Addiction, Drug Addiction, Drugs, Drug Abuse, genes, Brain, Brain Function, empire innovation , NIH, National Institutes of Health, National Institute On Drug Abuse, NIDA, Research, Nih Grant, Grant, Grants, Addictions, Neurogenetics, Neurobiology, Self-Control, jentsch, J. David Jentsch, brain systems, Mouse Models, gene pathways, Genetics, Drug Treatment, addictio

New NIH-Funded Study to Identify Risks for Vulnerability to Drug Addiction

A new study aims to better understand what makes some individuals particularly vulnerable to developing drug addiction. A team of researchers from across the country will look at how genes that influence brain function cause risk for addictions. J. David Jentsch, Empire Innovation Professor of psychology at Binghamton University, is part of the team of investigators awarded a new grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to conduct the research.







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