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New Research Suggests an Existing Drug, Riluzole, May Prevent Foggy ‘Old Age’ Brain

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Forgetfulness, it turns out, is all in the head. Scientists have shown that fading memory and clouding judgment, the type that comes with advancing age, show up as lost and altered connections between neurons in the brain. But new experiments suggest an existing drug, known as riluzole and already on the market as a treatment for ALS, may help prevent these changes.

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Limit Imaging Scans for Headache? Neurosurgeons Raise Concerns

Recent guidelines seeking to reduce the use of neuroimaging tests for patients with headaches run the risk of missing or delaying the diagnosis of brain tumors, according to a special article in the January issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

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Study: An Alternative for Pain Control after Knee Replacement Surgery

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A Henry Ford Hospital study, presented recently at the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons meeting in Dallas, found that injecting a newer long-acting numbing medicine called liposomal bupivacaine into the tissue surrounding the knee during surgery may provide a faster recovery and higher patient satisfaction.

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Early Exposure to Antidepressants Affects Adult Anxiety and Serotonin Transmission

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About 15 percent of women in the United States suffer from anxiety disorders and depression during their pregnancies, and many are prescribed antidepressants. However little is known about how early exposure to these medications might affect their offspring as they mature into adults.

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Neuroscientists Identify Brain Mechanisms That Predict Generosity in Children

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University of Chicago developmental neuroscientists have found specific brain markers that predict generosity in children. Those neural markers appear to be linked to both social and moral evaluation processes.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Dec-2014 11:00 AM EST

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UT Southwestern Neuro-Oncologists Discover Cancer Cells Can Burn Acetate for Fuel

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have discovered that brain tumors are capable of burning acetate for fuel, providing a new potential target for halting tumor growth.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Dec-2014 12:00 AM EST

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Little Evidence Brain Games Boost Intelligence or Prevent Dementia

Computerized brain games that are advertised as a way to help boost intelligence and prevent dementia will be popular Christmas gifts this year. But there’s little scientific evidence to support these industry claims.

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Migraine May Double Risk for Facial Paralysis

Migraine headache may double the risk of a nervous system condition that causes facial paralysis, called Bell’s palsy, according to a new study published in the December 17, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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