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Scientists Find Brain Area Responsible for Learning From Immediate Experience

Mediodorsal thalamus allows us to incorporate new information in decision-making.

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UChicago Creates Undergraduate Major in Neuroscience

The University of Chicago's Biological Sciences Division announces a new major in neuroscience, giving students in the undergraduate College an opportunity to focus on the brain and nervous system.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-Jun-2016 12:00 PM EDT

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-Jun-2016 8:00 AM EDT

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Researchers Find What Could Be Brain’s Trigger for Binge Behavior

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Rats that responded to cues for sugar with the speed and excitement of binge-eaters were less motivated for the treat when certain neurons were suppressed, researchers discovered.

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How the Brain Makes – and Breaks – a Habit

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Not all habits are bad. Some are even necessary. But inability to switch from acting habitually to acting in a deliberate way can underlie addiction and obsessive compulsive disorders. Working with a mouse model, an international team of researchers demonstrates what happens in the brain for habits to control behavior.

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Implanted Neuroprosthesis Improves Walking Ability in Stroke Patient

A surgically implanted neuroprosthesis—programmed to stimulate coordinated activity of hip, knee, and ankle muscles—has led to substantial improvement in walking speed and distance in a patient with limited mobility after a stroke, according to a single-patient study in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Imaging Study Shows Promising Results for Patients with Schizophrenia

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Increase in the brain's grey matter proof that the brain has the ability to rescue itself.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 4:00 PM EDT

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Sea Urchins Defy Aging, Study Identifies How Brain Connects Memories Across Time, Regular Exercise at Any Age Might Stave Off Alzheimer’s, and more in the Aging News Source

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Fasting-Like Diet Reduces Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms

Evidence is mounting that a diet mimicking the effects of fasting has health benefits beyond weight loss, with a new USC-led study indicating that it may reduce symptoms of multiple sclerosis.

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New Discovery From the Molecular Machinery for Depression and Addiction

When nerve cells have to communicate with each other in our brains, it involves release of small signal molecules, the so-called neurotransmitters, which act as chemical messengers in specific points of contact between nerve cells, called synapses. Here the released neurotransmitter is bound and registered by receptors at the surface of the receiving nerve cell. This will, in turn, trigger a signal which is sent on to other nerve cells.

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University Hospitals Case Medical Center Neurosurgeon Studying if Deep Brain Stimulation Can Help Bipolar Disorder Sufferers

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A neurosurgeon who specializes in deep brain stimulation (DBS) is seeking a target in the brains of bi-polar disorder patients for possible DBS implantation to provide help to them.

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TSRI Researchers Show Experience Plays Powerful Role in Early Stages of Brain Circuit Development

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A study from The Scripps Research Institute suggests external stimulation guides certain neurons’ early development so that inhibitory neurons split into two different types of neurons, each with a different job, adding another level of complexity and regulation to the brain’s circuitry.

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Cells Engineered from Muscular Dystrophy Patients Offer Clues to Variations in Symptoms

Johns Hopkins researchers report they have inadvertently found a way to make human muscle cells bearing genetic mutations from people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

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UT System Institutions Fighting Stroke with New Tools and Technology

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UTHealth’s Mobile Stroke Unit —the nation’s first — is one of many ways the UT System’s 14 health and academic institutions are fighting stroke through research, technology and patient care.

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Difficult Decisions Involving Perception Increase Activity in Brain’s Insular Cortex, Study Finds

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As the difficulty of making a decision based on sensory evidence increases, activity in the brain’s insular cortex also increases, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

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Too Much Sex Causes Genitals to Change Shape in Beetle Study, Expert on Managing Wedding Stress, Relationship Satisfaction Depends on the Mating Pool, and more in the Sex and Relationships Channel

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First Women Join Sandia Hiring Program for Combat-Injured Veterans

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Two young women, one disabled by a mortar blast in Afghanistan and the other injured in several battles while helping women in Baghdad, are the first two women veterans in Sandia National Laboratories’ Wounded Warrior Career Development Program (WWCDP).

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Anemia Negatively Affects Recovery From Traumatic Brain Injuries

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Approximately half of patients hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries are anemic, according to recent studies, but anemia’s effects on the recovery of these patients is not clear. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found evidence that anemia can negatively influence the outcomes of patients with traumatic brain injuries.