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Science

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Biology, Ecology and Environment, Evolution, Forestry Research, Genetics

What's Hiding Behind the Trapdoor?

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Australia is known as a country full of deadly creatures - now people have trapdoor spiders hiding in their backyards.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Stem Cell Breakthrough Unlocks Mysteries Associated with Inherited and Sometimes Lethal Heart Conditions

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Scientists have created a model of a heart condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

Science

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Argonne Theorists Solve Longstanding Fundamental Problem, A Virtual Flight Through a Catalyst Particle, Super Cement's Secret, and More in the DOE Science News Source

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Science

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Microbiome

Monkeys in Zoos Have Human Gut Bacteria

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A new study led by the University of Minnesota shows that monkeys in captivity lose much of their native gut bacteria diversity and their gut bacteria ends up resembling those of humans. The results suggest that switching to a low-fiber, Western diet may have the power to deplete most normal primate gut microbes in favor of a less diverse set of bacteria.

Medicine

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Thyroid, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Awareness, Cancer, Screening, Cancer Screening, Cancer Prevention and Control, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Genetic Testing, cancer surveillance

September Is Thyroid Cancer Awareness Month

Mount Sinai Doctors Promote Early Detection and Awareness

Science

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Nature, Hematology, Cells, Cell Development, Cell Biology, Cell Genetics, Developmental Biology, Hematopoietic, Cell Cycle, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, press release, news, Pediatrics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-Aug-2016 1:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Breast Cancer, genes, estrogen receptor positive breast tumours, Tumours, Mutations, princess margaret cancer centre, University Health Network

Breast cancer researchers look beyond genes to identify more drivers of disease development

Breast cancer researchers have discovered that mutations found outside of genes that accumulate in estrogen receptor positive breast tumours throughout their development act as dominant culprits driving the disease.

Medicine

Science

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Cell Biology, Genetics, genes, Molecular Biology

Probing How CRISPR-Cas9 Works

WORCESTER, MA - A study in The Journal of Cell Biology by scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene editing tool.

Science

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Agriculture, Economics, Biology, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Gene Editing, Genetics, Molecular Biology

Researchers Succeed in Developing a Genome Editing Technique That Does Not Cleave DNA

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A team involving Kobe University researchers has succeeded in developing Target-AID, a genome editing technique that does not cleave the DNA. The technique offers, through high-level editing operation, a method to address the existing issues of genome editing. It is expected that the technique will be applied to gene therapy in the future in addition to providing a powerful tool for breeding useful organisms and conducting disease and drug-discovery research. The findings were published online in Science on August 5 (Japan Standard Time).

Science

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Dna Chip, Cell Biology, anti-cancer drug, cancer diagnostic, simulated cell, Beta Lapachone, Dna Damage, Dna Repair, Biophysics

Physicist’s DNA Chip Offers Big Possibilities in Cell, Cancer Studies

A University of Texas at Dallas physicist has developed a novel technology that not only sheds light on basic cell biology, but also could aid in the development of more effective cancer treatments or early diagnosis of disease.

Medicine

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Cancer, esophageal adenocarcinoma, Tumor, Gene Fusion, Barret's Esophagus

Fused Genes Found in Esophageal Cancer Cells Offer New Clues on Disease Mechanisms

Now, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have characterized structurally abnormal genes in esophageal adenocarcinoma, the findings of which could pave way for developing new biomarkers in this fatal disease.

Medicine

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Aortic Dissection, John Elefteriades, MD, Heart Condition, Aortic Institute at Yale, Aortic Aneurysm, Familial, Family History, Familial Dissection

Potentially Deadly Heart Condition Plagues Family Members Around Same Age

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People with a family member who had an aortic dissection—a spontaneous tear in one of the body’s main arteries—should take note of the age that family member was when the aortic dissection occurred. According to a new study published online in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, aortic dissections have the potential to run in families and often occur within 10 years of the same age.

Medicine

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Asthma, Children, Pediatric, Gene, Viral Illness, Respiratory

Study Found a Gene Associated with Asthma in Children Who Had a Viral Illness Early in Life

Results of a study published in PLOS ONE show that asthma risk increased 17 times when children who had bronchiolitis in the first two years of life also had a common variation of the Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene.

Science

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Funneling Fundamental Particles, Neutrino Experiments, Physicists Discover 'Apparent Departure From the Laws of Thermodynamics', and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

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Medicine

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microcephaly , zika, zika virus

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

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In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new Columbia University Medical Center study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the developing brain.

Medicine

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Breast Cancer, BRCA, basser center for brca, Penn Medicine, abramson cancer center, Brca 1/2

Fourth Annual Basser Global Prize Awarded to Canadian Women’s Cancer Geneticist Steven Narod

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The Basser Center for BRCA at Penn’s Abramson Cancer Center has announced the recipient of the 2016 Basser Global Prize. The honor will go to cancer geneticist Steven Narod, MD, FRCPC, PhD (hon), FRSC, director of the Familial Breast Cancer Research Unit and a senior scientist at the Women’s College Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Medicine

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Epigenetics, Dna Methylation, Methyltransferase, Intrinsic Membrane Excitability

Discovery of Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Researchers show that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control — dynamic changes in DNA methylation — is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural cells. The sites of such methylation changes may offer a potential therapeutic target in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Medicine

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Nanoparticle That Mimics Salmonella Counteracts Chemotherapy Resistance, Protein’s Role in Cell Division, A Novel MRI Method, and MORE in the Cancer News Source

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Medicine

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AIDS, HIV, Genetics, Immunology/Allergies/Asthma, Medicine And Health, Vaccines

Mutational Tug of War Over HIV's Disease-Inducing Potential

A study from Emory AIDS researchers shows how the expected disease severity when someone is newly infected by HIV reflects a balance between the virus' invisibility to the host's immune system and its ability to reproduce.

Science

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Ornithology, Warbler, Genetics

Genetically Speaking, Blue-Winged and Golden-Winged Warblers Are Almost Identical

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New research from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s Fuller Evolutionary Biology Program shows that, genetically speaking, blue-winged and golden-winged warblers are almost identical. Scientists behind the research say the main differences between the two species are in feather color and pattern, in some cases just a simple matter of dominant or recessive pairings of gene variants, or alleles.







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