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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 17-Sep-2014 1:00 PM EDT

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Researchers Develop Improved Means Of Detecting Mismatched DNA

Researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified a highly sensitive means of analyzing very tiny amounts of DNA. The discovery, they say, could increase the ability of forensic scientists to match genetic material in some criminal investigations. It could also prevent the need for a painful, invasive test given to transplant patients at risk of rejecting their donor organs and replace it with a blood test that reveals traces of donor DNA.

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Endocrine-Related Protein Found to Be Master Regulator in Other Important Diseases

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Investigating a protein known to influence human glucose levels, scientists found that this factor has a broader reach than first thought, acting on key gene pathways involved in cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, and cancer-related diseases.

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Schizophrenia Not a Single Disease but Multiple Genetically Distinct Disorders

New research shows that schizophrenia isn’t a single disease but a group of eight genetically distinct disorders, each with its own set of symptoms. The finding could be a first step toward improved diagnosis and treatment for the debilitating psychiatric illness. The research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis is reported online Sept. 15 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Muscular Dystrophy: Repair the Muscles, Not the Genetic Defect

A potential way to treat muscular dystrophy directly targets muscle repair instead of the underlying genetic defect that usually leads to the disease.

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How an Ancient Vertebrate Uses Familiar Tools to Build a Strange-Looking Head

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Investigator and Scientific Director Robb Krumlauf, Ph.D. and colleagues show that the sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus, a survivor of ancient jawless vertebrates, exhibits a pattern of gene expression that is reminiscent of its jawed cousins, who evolved much, much later.

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Zebrafish Model of a Learning and Memory Disorder Shows Better Way to Target Treatment

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Using a zebrafish model of a human genetic disease called neurofibromatosis, researchers have found that the learning and memory components of the disorder are distinct features that will likely need different treatment approaches.

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Worldwide Study Demonstrates Accuracy of Genetic Analyses

Physicians envision a future in which genomic data from patients is heavily used to manage care — but experts have questioned the accuracy and reliability of these analyses. Now, a study by 150 researchers in 12 countries finds real strength and agreement across RNA genomic sequencing techniques and laboratories — as well as ways to improve what little variability exists to set a new high standard.

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Primary Care Doctors Reluctant to Provide Genetics Assessment in Routine Care

Physicians report many barriers keep them from giving patients guidance on genetic risks, disease, according to new research

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Genomic Analysis Reveals That a High-Risk Leukemia Subtype Becomes More Common with Age

More than one-quarter of young adults with the most common form of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a high-risk subtype with a poor prognosis and may benefit from drugs widely used to treat other types of leukemia that are more common in adults, according to multi-institutional research led by St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital investigators.

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