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Some Mosquitoes Better at Carrying Malaria Than Others

Of about 450 different species of mosquitoes in the Anopheles genus, only about 60 can transmit the Plasmodium malaria parasite that is harmful to people. The team chose 16 mosquito species that are currently found in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America, but evolved from the same ancestor approximately 100 million years ago.

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Fragile X Study Offers Hope of New Autism Treatment

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People affected by a common inherited form of autism could be helped by a drug that is being tested as a treatment for cancer, according to researchers from the University of Edinburgh and McGill University.

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A Link between DNA Transcription and Disease Causing Expansions Which Lead to Hereditary Disorders

Scientists have believed that the lengthening of those repeats occur during DNA replication when cells divide or when the cellular DNA repair machinery gets activated. Recently, however, Tufts University researchers have traced expansive repeats to the process called transcription, which is copying the information from DNA into RNA.

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Researchers Identify Genetic Markers That May Predispose Individuals for Kidney Injury

Researchers have identified genetic markers that may help to identify individuals at risk for acute kidney injury (AKI) in the hospital setting. Presented at ASN Kidney Week 2014 in Philadelphia, PA, the study offers new clues about the development of AKI and could lead to potential therapeutic interventions.

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Johns Hopkins Scientists Link Gene to Tamoxifen-Resistant Breast Cancers

After mining the genetic records of thousands of breast cancer patients, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have identified a gene whose presence may explain why some breast cancers are resistant to tamoxifen, a widely used hormone treatment generally used after surgery, radiation and other chemotherapy.

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Columbia Honors Research on the Genetics of Diabetes

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Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) has presented Andrew Hattersley, DM, and Mark McCarthy, MD, with the 16th Naomi Berrie Award for Outstanding Research in Diabetes, for their work on the genetics of the disease. Their research has contributed to the discovery of new forms of the disease, improvements in diagnostic methodology, and the development of more effective treatments. The award, presented annually by CUMC’s Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center at its Frontiers in Diabetes Conference, is Columbia’s top honor for excellence in diabetes research.

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Clipping Proteins That Package Genes May Limit Abnormal Cell Growth in Tumors

Changes to the structure of the protein histone H3.3 may play a key role in silencing genes that regulate cancer cell growth.

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Life's Extremists May Be an Untapped Source of Antibacterial Drugs

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Life's extremists, a family of microbes called Archaea, may be an untapped source of new antibacterial drugs. That conclusion arises from the discovery of the first antibacterial gene in this ancient lineage.

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TSRI Researchers Find How Mutant Gene Can Cause Deafness

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how one gene is essential to hearing, uncovering a cause of deafness and suggesting new avenues for therapies.

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Moffitt Cancer Center Researchers Use Evolutionary Principles to Model Cancer Mutations, Discover Potential Therapeutic Targets

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers are taking a unique approach to understanding and investigating cancer by utilizing evolutionary principles and computational modeling to examine the role of specific genetic mutations in the Darwinian struggle among tumor and normal cells during cancer growth.

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