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Beneficial Biofilm Works as a 'Probiotic' to Control Biofouling

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 A team of chemical engineers at Penn State has developed a beneficial biofilm with the ability to prevent the biofouling of reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. The development may lead to more efficient membrane water filtration and purification processes around the globe.May 03, 2016UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. -- A team of chemical engineers at Penn State has developed a beneficial biofilm with the ability to prevent the biofouling of reverse osmosis (RO) membranes.

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Experts Propose Strategy to Save Mammals on the Brink of Extinction

With only three living individuals left on this planet, the northern white rhinoceros could be considered doomed for extinction. But now researchers have proposed a road map for preserving such endangered species through techniques that use stem cells and assisted reproduction technology.

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April Was 4th Warmest Month in Satellite Record

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Global Temperature Report: April 2016

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Estimates of Cheetah Numbers Are 'Guesswork', Say Researchers

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Current estimates of the number of cheetahs in the wild are 'guesswork', say the authors of a new study which finds that the population in the cheetah stronghold of Maasai Mara, Kenya, is lower than previously thought.

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Story Tips From the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory May 2016

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ORNL's GLIDES features advanced energy storage technology; Old tires get new life in sodium-ion batteries; Silicon carbide shows promise for reactor fuel, core structures; ORNL, Boeing collaboration delivers impressive results

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PPPL Scientists Challenge Conventional Understanding and Improve Predictions of the Bootstrap Current at the Edge of Fusion Plasmas

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Article describes new finding of the composition of the bootstrap current at the edge of fusion plasmas.

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Preventing Another Flint, Mich.; New Research Could Lead to More Corrosion-Resistant Water Pipes

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Using state-of-the-art in situ microscopy techniques, scientists at Binghamton University were able to watch the oxidation of copper -- the primary building material for millions of miles of water piping -- at the atomic level as it was happening. What they saw could help create pipes with better corrosion resistance.

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Is It Possible to Cry a River?

University of Leicester students examine plausibility of all the humans on Earth shedding enough tears to form a river -- and fill an Olympic size swimming pool.

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Planet Nine: A World That Shouldn't Exist

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Earlier this year scientists presented evidence for Planet Nine, a Neptune-mass planet in an elliptical orbit 10 times farther from our Sun than Pluto. Since then theorists have puzzled over how this planet could end up in such a distant orbit.

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Algae Use Their 'Tails' to Gallop and Trot Like Quadrupeds

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Long before there were fish swimming in the oceans, tiny microorganisms were using long slender appendages called cilia and flagella to navigate their watery habitats. Now, new research reveals that species of single-celled algae coordinate their flagella to achieve a remarkable diversity of swimming gaits.

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CSU's Jennifer Barfield Available to Talk Bison, National Mammal Status

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PECASE Winner Bridges Oceans and Lakes

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Research to Help Better Remove Baked-on, Stuck-on Food Soils Honored by American Cleaning Institute

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Researchers devising a new way to help dish detergent makers removed stuck-on food stains are being honored by American Cleaning Institute.

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Changing Colors for Built-in Sunblock

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Too much sunlight can harm plants; with an eye to learning from nature’s success, scientists found that an orange-colored protein that protects cyanobacteria from overexposure to sunlight shifts to a reddish color that helps dissipate excess energy as heat.

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Introducing the Disposable Laser

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Since lasers were invented more than 50 years ago, they have transformed a diverse swath of technology -- from CD players to surgical instruments. Now researchers from France and Hungary have invented a way to print lasers that’s so cheap, easy and efficient they believe the core of the laser could be disposed of after each use. The team reports its findings in the Journal of Applied Physics.

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Van Andel Institute Scientist Elected to National Academy of Sciences to Advise Nation on Medical and Epigenomic Policy and Direction

Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) Chief Scientific Officer Peter Jones, Ph.D., D.Sc., today joined the nation’s elite scientists as a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

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DOE’s Office of Science Selects 49 Scientists to Receive Early Career Research Program Funding

The Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Science has selected 49 scientists from across the nation – including 22 from DOE’s national laboratories and 27 from U.S. universities – to receive significant funding for research as part of DOE’s Early Career Research Program. The effort, now in its seventh year, is designed to bolster the nation’s scientific workforce by providing support to exceptional researchers during the crucial early career years, when many scientists do their most formative work.

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UF/IFAS Study on Luring, Trapping Dangerous Beetle Wins Prestigious Award

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The Royal Entomological Society has awarded its 2016 Best Paper Award to a paper written by University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researchers. Lukasz Stelinski, an associate professor of entomology at the UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center, spearheaded the study in which investigators came up with a synthetic aroma to lure redbay ambrosia beetles into traps. “Identifying an effective lure for the beetle is an important step in developing management tools for this pathogen-spreading insect in Florida,” Stelinksi said.

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Biologists Find the Arizona Black Rattlesnake on ‘Extinction Trajectory’

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A combination of drought and fire has put the Arizona black rattlesnake on an “extinction trajectory,” according to University of Arkansas researchers.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-May-2016 6:05 PM EDT