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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 12-Dec-2016 8:00 AM EST

Medicine

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Liver Disease, Alcohol Addiction, Liver Transplantation, Screening, addiction specialist

Liver-Transplant Patients Can Benefit From Screening by an Addiction Specialist

A liver transplant is usually the last-chance remedy for end-stage liver disease. Quality of life and/or survival rates within the first five post-transplant years, independent of the primary reason for the transplant, are similar to those for patients with other types of cirrhosis. Alcohol relapses after liver transplantation are a critical issue and severe alcohol relapse can have dire consequences. This study compares the routine post-transplant evaluation of drinking with one obtained through a specific addiction consultation.

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Climate Change, Carbon Cycle, peatlands

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 13-Dec-2016 5:00 AM EST

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Cow Gene Study Shows Why Most Clones Fail

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It has been 20 years since Dolly the sheep was successfully cloned in Scotland, but cloning mammals remains a challenge. A new study by researchers from the U.S. and France of gene expression in developing clones now shows why most cloned embryos likely fail.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 14-Dec-2016 2:00 PM EST

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Earth Science, Geology, Atmospheric & climate research, MARS, Earthquake, Lightning, Gamma Ray

Martian Mountains, Manmade Earthquake Detection and More From the U at AGU

University of Utah researchers will be among the approximately 24,000 scientists convening in San Francisco for the annual Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union Dec. 12-16. Below are summaries of select presentations at the meeting, along with the time and date of the presentation and primary contact information. All times are in Pacific Standard Time.

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Prosthetic Hand, prosthetic device, Prostheses, Prosthesis, 3D printing

Lending a Hand: Student 3D Prints Functional, Affordable Prosthetic

Using the Ithaca College 3D Printing Lab, a physics student adapted open source plans for a prosthetic hand to build a highly functional, affordable prosthetic.

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society for risk analysis, cyber risks, risk science, risk professionals, Risk Management, Risk Communication, Risk Perception, Risk Assessment, ecological risks

A Peaceable Risk and Resilience Revolution Is Happening in San Diego

Society for Risk Analysis Annual Meeting December 11-15, 2016

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Monkey, University of Vienna, Tecumseh Fitch, Department of Cognitive Biology, vocal anatomy, Vocalizations, Asif Ghazanfar, Princeton University, vocal tract, speechready

Why Can't Monkeys Speak? Vocal Anatomy Is Not the Problem

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Monkeys and apes are unable to learn new vocalizations, and for decades it has been widely believed that this inability results from limitations of their vocal anatomy: larynx, tongue and lips. But an international team of scientists, led by Tecumseh Fitch at the University of Vienna and Asif Ghazanfar at Princeton University, has now looked inside monkeys' vocal tracts with x-rays, and found them to be much more flexible than thought before. The study indicates that the limitations that keep nonhuman primates from speaking are in their brains, rather than their vocal anatomy.

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Ancient Enzyme Morphed Shape to Carry Out New Functions in Humans

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New research led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals that a human enzyme has changed little from its days as a bacterial enzyme.

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Yale Linguists Explore the Evolution of Color in New Study

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The naming of colors has long been a topic of interest in the study of human culture and cognition — revealing the link between perception, language, and the categorization of the natural world. A major question in the study of both anthropology and cognitive science is why the world’s languages show recurrent similarities in color naming. Linguists at Yale tracked the evolution of color terms across a large language tree in Australia in order to trace the history of these systems.

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Breast Cancer, MD Anderson Cancer Center

Older Women with Breast Cancer Report Better Cosmetic Satisfaction with Less Radiation, Less Surgery

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In the first study evaluating patient-reported cosmetic outcomes in a population-based cohort of older women with breast cancer, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center researchers found that less radiation was associated with improved cosmetic satisfaction long-term.

Medicine

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Beans and Peas Increase Fullness More Than Meat

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Sustainable eating Meals based on legumes such as beans and peas are more satiating than pork and veal-based meals according to a recent study by the University of Copenhagen's Department of Nutrition, Excercise and Sports. Results suggest that sustainable eating may also help with weight loss.

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Hubble Catches a Transformation in the Virgo Constellation

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The constellation of Virgo (The Virgin) is especially rich in galaxies, due in part to the presence of a massive and gravitationally-bound collection of over 1300 galaxies called the Virgo Cluster. One particular member of this cosmic community, NGC 4388, is captured in this image, as seen by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3).

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Breast Cancer, MD Anderson Cancer Center

Image-Guided Biopsy Identifies Patients Who Achieve Pathologic Complete Response After Neoadjuvant Therapy

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In a pilot study conducted at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, image-guided biopsies identified select breast cancer patients who achieved pathologic complete response (pCR) after chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy, neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST).

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Earthquake, Tsunami, Geology, Geophysics, Hazard mitigation

Lori Dengler, Tsunami, Earthquake, Geophysics, and Natural Hazard Mitigation Expert From Humboldt State University.

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Neutrons, quantum spin liquid, condensed matter physics, Quantum Mechanics, Rare Earth Material

Neutrons Identify Key Ingredients of the Quantum Spin Liquid Recipe

Neutron scattering studies of a rare earth metal oxide have identified fundamental pieces to the quantum spin liquid puzzle, revealing a better understanding of how and why these materials exhibit exotic behaviors such as failing to fully freeze when exposed to sub-zero temperatures. In a paper published in Nature Physics, a team of researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology, the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons to examine the origins of unusual magnetic behavior in a rare earth–based metal oxide, ytterbium-magnesium-gallium-tetraoxide (YbMgGaO4). The material, discovered in 2015, is known to have strange magnetic properties, putting it in a unique category of materials classified as quantum spin liquids.

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Alma, ALMA telescope, protoplanetary disks, Planet Formation

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 12-Dec-2016 11:00 AM EST

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Wind Power, Wind Energy, Wind Turbines, Turbines, Agronomy, Agriculture, CORN, Soybean, Iowa

Wind Turbines May Have Beneficial Effects for Crops, According to Iowa State University Research

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Turbulence created by wind turbines may help corn and soybeans by influencing variables such as temperature and carbon dioxide concentration, according to Iowa State University research. The project drew on data generated by research towers set up on a 200-turbine wind farm in Iowa.

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Federal Reserve, Climate Change, green economoy, Sustaibability, Enviroment, Finance

How the Fed Joined the Fight Against Climate Change: Financial Expert Comments

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