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Medicine

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Shorter Radiation Use, BRCA Gene News, Staging Endometrial Cancer, and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

Medicine

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HIV, Transplantation

HIV+ Kidney Failure Patients Face Hurdles in Receiving Necessary Transplants

• From 2001 to 2012, HIV+ kidney failure patients on the transplant waiting list were 28% less likely to receive a transplant compared with their HIV- counterparts. • They were half as likely to receive a kidney from a living donor.

Medicine

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS), ACTRIMS, UCSF, Neuroimmunology

Environmental Factors, Genetics and Epigenetics Is Focus of Multiple Sclerosis Forum

The second annual ACTRIMS Forum gets underway today. This year, the forum was preceded by the Neurology Resident Summit in Neuroimmunology, which drew 47 residents from the United States and Canada.

Medicine

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charcot foot, Diabetes, Diabetes Complications

Study: Two-Thirds of Clinicians Lack Knowledge of Diabetes-Related Foot Complication

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A new study investigated how much non-foot-specialist clinicians know about Charcot neuroarthropathy in an effort to understand how to better focus future educational forums on the topic.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Twitter, Social Media, Food Borne Illness, Public Health

Using Twitter May Increase Food-Poisoning Reporting

Nearly 1 in 4 U.S. citizens gets food poisoning every year, but very few report it. Twitter communications between the public and the proper government authorities could improve foodborne illness reporting as well as the steps that follow, according to a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Medicine

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Ulcer, stomach bug, Helicobacter Pylori, Pathogen, Pathogen Evolution

Europeans Brought New Strains of Ulcer-Causing Bacterium to Pre-Columbian Americas

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Genome study shows mixing of European and African H. pylori strains in modern American populations.

Medicine

Science

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Infectious Disease, Insect Management, Agricultural pest control, Mosquito Borne Disease, mosquito control, Wolbachia, cytoplasmic incompatibility

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Feb-2017 11:00 AM EST

Medicine

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Pandemic, Epidemic, SARS, MERS, Infection Control

SARS and MERS: What’s Next?

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It may be difficult to remember now, but when SARS was first recognized in February 2003, people were scared. This heretofore unknown disease was killing people—nearly 10 percent of those infected with what came to be recognized as the SARS-associated coronavirus. Before the end of the year, cases were reported in 29 countries.

Science

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Susan Lindquist, Hsp90, Protein Folding Stress, Genetic Mutation, Disease

Researchers Uncover a Role for HSP90 in Gene-Environment Interactions in Humans

Researchers at Whitehead Institute have now uncovered a role for the protein-folding chaperone HSP90 in humans, not only as a modifier of the effects of mutations, but as a mediator of the impact of the environment on the function of mutant proteins. And these effects of HSP90 can alter the course of human diseases.

Medicine

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antibiotic resisistance, Children's Hospitals, Length Of Stay, Bacterial Infections, Children's Health Care

'Super Bugs' Study Author Sharon Meropol, MD, PhD, Says a Seven-Fold Increase in Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Results in 20 Percent Longer Hospital Stays for Children

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Science

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zika, Retina, Vision, Blindness

Wayne State Vision Researchers Show Zika Virus Can Damage Retina and Cause Blindness

Scientists at the Wayne State University School of Medicine Department of Ophthalmology at the Kresge Eye Institute have shown that the Zika virus can replicate in the eye’s retinal cells, causing severe tissue damage and even blindness. The research is supported in part by Research to Prevent Blindness.

Medicine

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Genetics, Dna Test, direct-to-consumer genetic tests

Direct-to-Consumer Genomics: Harmful or Empowering?

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Thanks to recent scientific advances and plunging costs in genetic sequencing, consumers now can order inexpensive, mail-in genetic tests to learn more about health risks, inherited traits and ancestry. But, is it a good idea to bypass your doctor’s office when it comes to interpreting health risks?

Medicine

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Flu Vaccines, Medical Curriculum Tailored to Native Americans, Tackling Heart Disease, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Angioedema, Clinical Trial, New England Journal Of Medicine, New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), Hereditary Angioedema, Genetic Disorders

In Rare Disorder, Novel Agent Stops Swelling Before It Starts

Mount Sinai researcher who treats hereditary angioedema says the drug, a potential game changer, is being studied in larger clinical trial

Medicine

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gay males, gay, african american gay

Professor Examines HIV Prevention with a Focus on Communication Among Young Black Gay and Bisexual Men and Their Friends

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Professor of sociology Matt G. Mutchler’s research over the past 20 years into HIV prevention and treatment issues, especially within the African American community, has garnered him more than 15 external research awards and respect as an expert in the field.

Medicine

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Dermatology, Bacteriology, Immunology, Infectious Diseases, Microbiome

Transplanting Good Bacteria to Kill Staph

University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers screened 10,000 colonies of bacteria found on the epidermis to determine how many had antimicrobial properties and at what rate these are found on healthy and non-healthy skin. In a paper published in Science Translation Medicine, the team reports isolating and growing good bacteria that produce antimicrobial peptides and successfully transplanting it to treat patients with the most common type of eczema, known as atopic dermatitis.

Medicine

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Duke University, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke Center for Applied Genomics & Precision Medicine, host response, Gene signature, protein signaling, Mass Spectrometry, Mucous, Pathogen detection, Diagnostics, Cold And Flu, Antibiotic Resistance, Flu Pandemic, Global Health

Proteins in Your Runny Nose Could Reveal a Viral Infection

It may seem obvious, but the key to confirming whether someone is suffering from a cold or flu virus might lie at the misery’s source -- the inflamed passages of the nose and throat. Duke Health scientists have identified a group of proteins that, when detected in specific quantities in the mucous, are 86 percent accurate in confirming the infection is from a cold or flu virus, according to a small, proof-of-concept trial published online in the journal EBioMedicine.

Medicine

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lysosomal disease , Nature, Nature (magazine), Research, Genetics, Therapy, press release, news, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Pediatric, Children

Nature Study Suggests New Therapy for Gaucher Disease

Scientists propose in Nature blocking a molecule that drives inflammation and organ damage in Gaucher and maybe other lysosomal storage diseases as a possible treatment with fewer risks and lower costs than current therapies. Reporting their data Feb. 22, the international research team conducted the study in mouse models of lysosomal storage disease and in cells from blood samples donated by people with Gaucher disease.

Medicine

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Pneumonia, Influenza, viral pneumonia, Viruses, Disease Prevention, Asthma, Allergies, Drugs, asthma drugs, Accolate, Singulair, repurposing drugs, University Of Virginia, University of Virginia School of Medicine, UVA, UVA School of Medicine, Carter Immunology Center, Beirne B. Carter, Virology, Geriatrics, Infectious Diseases, Thomas J. Braciale, Amber Cardan

Asthma Drugs Could Prevent Deadly Form of Pneumonia, Research Suggests

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Two drugs used to treat asthma and allergies may offer a way to prevent a form of pneumonia that can kill up to 40 percent of people who contract it, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have found.

Medicine

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zika, Zika infection, Zika research, Diagnostics, Travel, Infection Control, Disease Prevention, Florida, Florida Department of Health, Mosquito, Mosquito Borne Disease, microcephaly , Medical Device

Device Will Rapidly, Accurately and Inexpensively Detect Zika Virus at Airports and Other Sites

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About the size of a tablet, a portable device that could be used in a host of environments like a busy airport or even a remote location in South America, may hold the key to detecting the dreaded Zika virus accurately, rapidly and inexpensively using just a saliva sample. For about $2 and within 15 minutes, researchers hope to accurately determine whether or not an individual has an active infection.







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