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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Jun-2016 5:00 AM EDT

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Modeling of the Universe with Einstein; Learning About the Future From the Distant Past; Particle Zoo in a Quantum Computer and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

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.@UUtah Geographer Available to Comment on Wildfire Evacuation "Trigger Points" and Away to Let Homeowners Check on Their Property.

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'Amazing Protein Diversity' Is Discovered in the Maize Plant

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Cold Spring Harbor, NY -- The genome of the corn plant - or maize, as it's called almost everywhere except the US - "is a lot more exciting" than scientists have previously believed. So says the lead scientist in a new effort to analyze and annotate the depth of the plant's genetic resources.

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Beach Replenishment Helps Protect Against Storm Erosion During El Niño

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A comparison of recent and previous nourishments of San Diego beaches suggests that a larger sand grain size improved nourishment performance

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Researchers Offer New Theory About How Climate Affects Violence

Researchers have long struggled to explain why some violent crime rates are higher near the equator than other parts of the world. Now, a team of researchers have developed a model that could help explain why.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Jun-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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Airplanes Make Clouds Brighter

Clouds may have a net warming or cooling effect on climate, depending on their thickness and altitude. Artificially formed clouds called contrails form due to aircraft effluent. In a cloudless sky, contrails are thought to have minimal effect on climate. But what happens when the sky is already cloudy? In a new study published in the journal Nature Communications, scientists at ACES and colleagues from the UK show that contrails that are formed within existing high clouds increase the reflectivity of these clouds, i.e. their ability to reflect light. The researchers hope that their discovery offers important insights into the influence of aviation on climate.

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94 Million-Year-Old Climate Change Event Holds Clues for Future

A major climate event millions of years ago that caused substantial change to the ocean’s ecological systems may hold clues as to how the Earth will respond to future climate change, a Florida State University researcher said.

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Sierra Nevada Snowpack Not Likely to Recover From Drought Until 2019

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Even with this winter's strong El Niño, the Sierra Nevada snowpack will likely take until 2019 to return to pre-drought levels, according to a new analysis led by UCLA hydrology researchers.

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Which Animals Will Cope with Climate Change Droughts?

JCU's Dr Tasmin Rymer led a study that produced a template measuring several crucial factors, including an animal's physiology and environment, to determine how it would handle a severe drought.

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Powerful Lightning at Sea; How Much Carbon Dioxide Comes From Mine Drainage; Marine Species Adaptation; Scientists Using Sunlight, Water to Make Clean Energy; and More in the Environment News Source

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Better Soil Data Key for Future Food Security

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Future food security depends on a variety of factors – but better soil data could substantially help improve projections of future crop yields, shows new research from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

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Crop Breeding Is Not Keeping Pace with Climate Change

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Crop yields will fall within the next decade due to climate change unless immediate action is taken to speed up the introduction of new and improved varieties, experts have warned.

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Ancient DNA Shows Perfect Storm Felled Ice Age Giants

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Giant Ice Age species including elephant-sized sloths and powerful sabre-toothed cats ¬that once roamed the windswept plains of Patagonia, southern South America, were finally felled by a perfect storm of a rapidly warming climate and humans, a new study has shown.

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International Team Investigating Marine Species Adaptation

Animals can adapt to their environment through changes to their DNA, but more recently, research has shown that non-genetic components may be important, too.

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Droughts Across Europe Affect British Trees Most

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Environmental scientists from the University of Stirling have found beech forests across western Europe are increasingly at risk from drought - with areas of southern England worst affected.

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Drying Arctic Soils Could Accelerate Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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A new study published in Nature Climate Change indicates soil moisture levels will determine how much carbon is released to the atmosphere as rising temperatures thaw Arctic lands.

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Study Reveals Climate Change - Not Population Growth – Plays the Main Role in Predicting Extreme Droughts

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Common belief states that the dominant factor determining water scarcity in the next few decades will be population growth. However, according to a new study by Stony Brook University, it's climate change -- not population growth – that plays the main role in predicting future exposure to extreme droughts.

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Eastern U.S. Needs “Connectivity” to Help Species Escape Climate Change

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For plants and animals fleeing rising temperatures, varying precipitation patterns and other effects of climate change, the eastern United States will need improved “climate connectivity” for these species to have a better shot at survival.