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Medicine

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Ulcer, stomach bug, Helicobacter Pylori, Pathogen, Pathogen Evolution

Europeans Brought New Strains of Ulcer-Causing Bacterium to Pre-Columbian Americas

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Genome study shows mixing of European and African H. pylori strains in modern American populations.

Science

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Forest, urban forests, rural forests, Migration, Ecosystem, Mapping, forest dynamics

Farther From the Forest: ‘Eye-Opening’ Study Shows Rural U.S. Loses Forests Faster Than Cities

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A study published in the journal PLOS ONE says that between 1990 and 2000, the average distance from any point in the United States to the nearest forest increased by 14 percent. The distance can present challenges for wildlife and have broad effects on ecosystems.

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Pneumonia, Influenza, viral pneumonia, Viruses, Disease Prevention, Asthma, Allergies, Drugs, asthma drugs, Accolate, Singulair, repurposing drugs, University Of Virginia, University of Virginia School of Medicine, UVA, UVA School of Medicine, Carter Immunology Center, Beirne B. Carter, Virology, Geriatrics, Infectious Diseases, Thomas J. Braciale, Amber Cardan

Asthma Drugs Could Prevent Deadly Form of Pneumonia, Research Suggests

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Two drugs used to treat asthma and allergies may offer a way to prevent a form of pneumonia that can kill up to 40 percent of people who contract it, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have found.

Science

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Agricultural, Mad Cow Disease, cow, Rural, UK, Model, Policy, Vaccination, University of Warwick, Life Sciences, Biology, Disease, Infection

Foot-and-Mouth Crises to Be Averted with Vaccination Strategy

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Future outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) can be controlled effectively and quickly with vaccinations – saving millions of pounds and hundreds of thousands of livestock – according to research by the University of Warwick.

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Sugar, Salt, and Fat Taxes Could Save Billions in Health Care Costs

Australia could save AUD $3.4 billion (USD $2.3 billion) in healthcare costs over the remaining lifetimes of all Australians alive in 2010 by instituting a combination of taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on fruits and vegetables, according to a new study.

Medicine

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Public Health, Twitter, social media, UVM, Vermont, Remote Sensing, Obesity, Diabetes, Bacon, Colorado, New Jersey, Mississippi, calorie counts, tweet, Inventions

How Many Calories in That Tweet?

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A team of scientists have invented an instrument for measuring calories in social media. This "lexicocalorimeter" gathers tens of millions of geo-tagged Twitter posts from across the United States and presents a portrait of each state's calorie balance based on food and activity words. The results correlate closely with traditional measures of well-being and the approach could become a new remote-sensing tool for public health officials. The results were published in PLOS ONE.

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A Kiss of Death -- Mammals Were the First Animals to Produce Venom

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CT scans of fossils of the pre-mammalian reptile, Euchambersia, shows anatomical features, designed for venom production

Medicine

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Pediatrics, Cardiology, Genetics, Kawasaki Disease, whole genome sequencing, African American

Gene Variant Identified for Kawasaki Disease Susceptibility

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Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues at Rady Children’s Institute for Genomic Medicine and in London and Singapore, have conducted novel whole genome sequencing of a family in which two of four children were affected by Kawasaki disease. They have identified plausible gene variants that predispose some children to developing the disease.

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Coral, Coral Reef, Marine Protected Area, Fiji Islands, crown-of-thorns, Sea Star

Size Matters for Marine Protected Areas Designed to Aid Coral

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For marine protected areas established to help coral reefs recover from overfishing, size really does seem to make a difference.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Dogs Prefer to Share Food with Friends

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Dogs share food also in complex situations, but more likely with dogs they know.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Empathetic People Experience Dogs' Expressions More Strongly

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Human empathy can even extend to dogs: Empathetic people interpret dogs' facial expressions more intensely.

Medicine

Science

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locked-in syndrome, Computer Interface, Brain

Brain-Computer Interface Allows Completely Locked-in People to Communicate

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Completely locked-in participants report being “happy”

Medicine

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Cancer Cells, cancer metastasis, Yale Cancer Center, Melanoma, White Blood Cells

Clue to How Cancer Cells Spread

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In a second human case, a Yale-led research team has found that a melanoma cell and a white blood cell can fuse to form a hybrid with the ability to metastasize. The finding provides further insight into how melanoma and other cancers spread from solid tumors with implications for future treatment.

Medicine

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HIV, HIV-1, AIDS, GALT, IgM, IgG, IGA, Protein microarray analysis, Inflammation, Antibody

How the Border Guards Fail in HIV Infection

Using a novel technique to analyze antibodies in fluid collected from intestines of 81 HIV-1-infected and 25 control individuals, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have found abnormal gut antibody levels in people infected with HIV-1.

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Social Environment, Health, mice

Social Environment Has a Sizable Impact on Health and Disease in Mice

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In humans, social factors may explain ‘missing heritability’ in complex diseases.

Medicine

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Physical Activity, Gym Membership, health benefits of exercise

To Improve Health and Exercise More, Get a Gym Membership, Iowa State Study Suggests

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If your New Year’s resolution was to exercise more in 2017, chances are you’ve already given up or you’re on the verge of doing so. To reach your goal, you may want to consider joining a gym, based on the results of a new study from a team of Iowa State University researchers.

Medicine

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Cognitive Decline, SWAN, Women's Health, Menopause

Women’s Cognitive Decline Begins Earlier Than Previously Believed

Mental sharpness in women begins to decline as early as their 50s. Cognitive processing speed, which includes speed of perception and reaction, showed an average decline of around 1 percent every two years and verbal memory declined on average around 1 percent every five years.

Medicine

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Wayne State University, NIH, Tinnitus, Otolaryngology

Wayne State University Research Team Develops New Diagnostic Tool to Identify Tinnitus in Animals

A team of researchers from Wayne State University has developed a behavioral tool that may significantly aid in understanding the underlying mechanisms of tinnitus, ultimately leading to new drugs and treatment methods.

Medicine

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Breast Cancer, African-American Patients , Prognosis, Chemotherapy, Survival Rates, Recurrence, Tumors, Mortality, Racial Disparity

Breast Cancer Prognosis of African-American Patients May Improve with Administration of Chemotherapy Before Surgery, Study Finds

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Administering chemotherapy to African-American breast cancer patients prior to surgery could improve their prognosis and survival rates from the disease, according to a new study.

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The Tasmanian Tiger Had a Brain Structure Suited to a Predatory Life Style

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Brain scans suggest the action-planning part of the cortex was large in these extinct predators.







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