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Imaging Study Shows Promising Results for Patients with Schizophrenia

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Increase in the brain's grey matter proof that the brain has the ability to rescue itself.

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Stress Affects Males and Females Differently

Weizmann Institute of Science researchers found that a stress receptor in the brain regulates metabolic responses to stressful situations differently in male and female mice. The results could aid in the development of treatments for regulating hunger or stress responses, including anxiety and depression.

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Early-Life Stress Causes Digestive Problems and Anxiety in Rats

Traumatic events early in life can increase levels of norepinephrine—the primary hormone responsible for preparing the body to react to stressful situations—in the gut, increasing the risk of developing chronic indigestion and anxiety during adulthood, a new study in American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology reports.

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New Discovery From the Molecular Machinery for Depression and Addiction

When nerve cells have to communicate with each other in our brains, it involves release of small signal molecules, the so-called neurotransmitters, which act as chemical messengers in specific points of contact between nerve cells, called synapses. Here the released neurotransmitter is bound and registered by receptors at the surface of the receiving nerve cell. This will, in turn, trigger a signal which is sent on to other nerve cells.

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Difficult Decisions Involving Perception Increase Activity in Brain’s Insular Cortex, Study Finds

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As the difficulty of making a decision based on sensory evidence increases, activity in the brain’s insular cortex also increases, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

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Study Published in JAMA Psychiatry Examines Suicide Attempt Risk Factors, Methods and Timing, Related to Deployment Among Active Duty Soldiers

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Suicide attempts, like suicides, have increased in the U.S. Army over the last decade. To better understand and prevent suicidal behavior, researchers from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU), the University of California, San Diego, Harvard Medical School, and the University of Michigan examined timing and risk factors for suicide attempts among U.S. Army enlisted Soldiers. They found the highest risk was among those who never deployed, and those who never deployed were at greatest risk during their second month of service.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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Angry Outbursts Tied to Heart Problems

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Those who rage with frustration during a marital spat have an increased risk of cardiovascular problems such as chest pain or high blood pressure later in life, according to new research from Northwestern University and the University of California, Berkeley.

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Depression Lowers Women's Chances of Pregnancy

Women with severe depressive symptoms have a decreased chance of becoming pregnant, while the use of psychotropic medications does not appear to harm fertility, a study by researchers from the Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine shows.

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Improved Diagnostic Criteria Needed for Individuals Suffering From Complicated Grief

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To better identify and diagnose those suffering from debilitating grief after the death of a loved one, proposed diagnostic criteria need significant modifications, according to research published today in the American Journal of Psychiatry – the first study of its kind to study the performance of newly proposed criteria.

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Researchers Identify Genes Linked to the Effects of Mood and Stress on Longevity

The visible impacts of depression and stress that can be seen in a person's face -- and contribute to shorter lives -- can also be found in alterations in genetic activity, according to newly published research from the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Scripps Research Institute.

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Why We Get Tired When We Stay Up Too Late, Pain and Anxiety Drug Linked to Birth Defects, Old Drug Could Fight Brain Cancer and more in the Neuroscience and Neurology News Source

Why We Get Tired When We Stay Up Too Late, Pain and Anxiety Drug Linked to Birth Defects, Old Drug Could Fight Brain Cancer and more in the Neuroscience and Neurology News Source

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Inspirational Managers May Harm Workers’ Health

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Managers who inspire their staff to perform above and beyond the call of duty may actually harm their employees’ health over time, according to researchers from the University of East Anglia.

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Support From Family and Friends Important to Helping Prevent Depression in Teenagers

The importance of friendships and family support in helping prevent depression among teenagers has been highlighted in research from the University of Cambridge. The study, published in the open access journal PLOS ONE, also found that teenagers who had grown up in a difficult family environment were more likely than their peers to be bullied at school.

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People with ADHD Don't Receive Enough Support

The aim of the study provided by the Master of Arts (Education), Erja Sandberg, was to collect and describe the experiences of Finnish families in which the symptoms of ADHD such as attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsiveness are strongly present. Over 200 families participated in the study sharing their experiences of the support provided by educational, social and health sectors as well as the co-operation between these different bodies.

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Executive Powers in the Nursery

New study explores the effect baby vocalizations have on adult cognition.

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From Drug of Abuse to a Glimpse into Depression

More research on usage of ketamine as an antidepressant is needed.

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Julie Saflarski, PsyD, Available to Discuss Managing Wedding Stress

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Racial and Ethnic Differences Found in Psychiatric Diagnoses and Treatment, According to Researchers

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Non-Hispanic blacks are almost twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with schizophrenia, but they’re significantly less likely to receive medication for treatment, according to researchers.

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Altered Purine Metabolism Linked to Depression

People suffering from major depressive disorder may have altered purine metabolism, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. Purines are nitrogenous compounds that serve as building blocks for DNA and they also play a role in cellular signalling, among other things.