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Northwestern University, Northwestern Medicine, Brain

Brain Stimulation Used Like a Scalpel to Improve Memory

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Northwestern Medicine scientists showed for the first time that non-invasive brain stimulation can be used like a scalpel, rather than like a hammer, to cause a specific improvement in precise memory.Precise memory, rather than general memory, is critical for knowing details such as the specific color, shape and location of a building you are looking for, rather than simply knowing the part of town it’s in.

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In Alzheimer’s, Excess Tau Protein Damages Brain’s GPS

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Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have linked excess tau protein in the brain to the spatial disorientation that leads to wandering in many Alzheimer's disease patients. The findings, in mice, could lead to early diagnostic tests for Alzheimer's and point to treatments for this common and troubling symptom.

Medicine

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Health, Medicine, Sleep, Sleep Medicine

What Causes Sleepiness When Sickness Strikes

It’s well known that humans and other animals are fatigued and sleepy when sick, but it’s a microscopic roundworm that’s providing an explanation of how that occurs, according to a study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. A study published this week in eLife reveals the mechanism for this sleepiness.

Medicine

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Hypertension, masked hypertension, Blood Pressure, High Blood Pressure

Study Shows 1 in 8 Americans – 17 Million – Have “Masked” Hypertension

A study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology reveals that the U.S. prevalence of masked hypertension is 12.3 percent. Based on the U.S. population, this translates to approximately 17.1 million people, or 1 in 8 adults

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Mapping Brain in Preemies May Predict Later Disability

Scanning a premature infant’s brain shortly after birth to map the location and volume of lesions, small areas of injury in the brain’s white matter, may help doctors better predict whether the baby will have disabilities later, according to a new study published in the January 18, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Psychologist, Named, Today

Arthur C. Evans Jr. Named CEO of American Psychological Association

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Psychologist Arthur C. Evans Jr., PhD, has been named chief executive officer of the American Psychological Association, the APA Board of Directors announced today. Evans assumes the post effective March 20.

Science

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Biology, Brain, Hippocampus, Neuron, Dendrite, Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders

Study Identifies Molecular Signal for Maintaining Adult Neuron

Research in mice points to better understanding of how the structure of nerve cells in the adult hippocampus may deteriorate, which can lead to Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological disorders.

Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Postpartum Depression, Gestational Diabetes, risk factors for depression, Pregnacy, Maternal Health, gestational diabetes research, Depression, Depression and Diabetes, depression and women

Gestational Diabetes Increases Risk for Postpartum Depression

Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and the Karolinska Institutet have found that gestational diabetes raises the risk of postpartum depression in first-time mothers.

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New Avenue for Anti-Depressant Therapy Discovered

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Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety. In so doing, they identified a new molecule that alleviates anxiety and depressive behaviour in rodents. The research, led by Eleanor Coffey, Research Director at Åbo Akademi University in Finland is a collaborative effort between scientists in Finland and the US.

Medicine

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Depression, antidepressant drugs , Pregnancy, Women, Babies, Birth Defects, Montreal, Quebec, Celexa, Paxil, Congenital Malformations, Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Exercise

New Data Show Heightened Risk of Birth Defects with Antidepressants Prescribed During Pregnancy

A new Université de Montréal study in the British Medical Journal reveals that antidepressants prescribed to pregnant women could increase the chance of having a baby with birth defects.

Medicine

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Cardiovascular disease, , Heart Attack, stroke, , Statins, Diabetes, Physicians, American Heart Association, , Prevention, Primary Care, Primary prevention

Experts Urge for Wider Prescription of Statins in Treatment and Prevention

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Researchers from Florida Atlantic University and Harvard Medical School address the possible but unproven link between statins and diabetes, as well as the implications of prescription of statins for clinicians and their patients. They emphasize that the risk of diabetes, even if real, pales in comparison to the benefits of statins in both the treatment and primary prevention of heart attacks and strokes. The editor-in-chief published the commentary and his editorial online ahead of print.

Medicine

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First Cell Culture of Live Adult Human Neurons Shows Potential of Brain Cell Types

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Studying brain disorders in people and developing drugs to treat them has been slowed by the inability to investigate single living cells from adult patients. In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers were able to grow adult human neurons donated from patients who had undergone surgery. From these cell cultures, they identified more than five brain cell types and the potential proteins each cell could make.

Medicine

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Affordable Care Act (ACA), Health Insurance, medicaid expansion, Mental Health, Substance Abuse

More with Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders Have Health Insurance

Significantly more people with mental illness and substance use disorders had insurance coverage in 2014 due to the expansion of health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), but many barriers to treatment remain, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Medicine

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Jaundice, Bilirubin, unbound bilirubin, total serum bilirubin, preterm babies, Preterm Infants, Premature Baby, Neonate, NICU, Rutgers, Robert Wood Johnson

Rutgers Study Finds Better Way to Test for Jaundice

Researchers at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School has found a more accurate test for jaundice, finding that measuring solely for the level of unbound bilirubin rather than total serum bilirubin would more accurately determine the risk of neurotoxicity.

Medicine

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Shark, Parkinson's Disease, Steroid, Protein, Nervous System, Lewy Body Dementia

Steroid Originally Discovered in the Dogfish Shark Attacks Parkinson’s-Related Toxin in Animal Model

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A synthesized steroid mirroring one naturally made by the dogfish shark prevents the buildup of a lethal protein implicated in some neurodegenerative diseases, reports an international research team studying an animal model of Parkinson’s disease. The clustering of this protein, alpha-synuclein (α-synuclein), is the hallmark of Parkinson’s and dementia with Lewy bodies, suggesting a new potential compound for therapeutic research.

Medicine

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pediatric neurology, Epilepsy, Dr. Sivaswamy, Luanne Thomas Ewald, DMC, children's hospital of Michigan, headache specialist, pediatric headache disorders, migraine therapy, Pediatric Research

DMC’s Children’s Hospital of Michigan Names Award-Winning Clinician, Teacher, Researcher as Chief of Pediatric Neurology

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Dr. Lalitha Sivaswamy has been appointed as Chief of the Children’s Hospital of Michigan’s nationally recognized Division of Pediatric Neurology effective immediately.

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"Mysterious" Non-Protein-Coding RNAs Play Important Roles in Gene Expression, NCI-Designated Cancer Centers Endorse Updated HPV Vaccination Recommendations, and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

Medicine

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broken heart syndrome, UCLA, UCLA health, Heart Disease, Cancer, Stroke, Loneliness

Lonely Hearts and Your Health - UCLA Health Advisory

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Studies show that people who are chronically lonely have significantly more heart disease, are more prone to advanced cancers and strokes, and are more likely to develop neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s.

Medicine

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Common Epilepsies Share Genetic Overlap with Rare Types

Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian showed that several genes implicated in rare forms of pediatric epilepsy also contribute to common forms of the disorder.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Intimate Partner Violence, Abusive Relationships, African-American women, Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Domestic Violence, Self Defense, Bystander Intervention, Coping Behaviors

Study Finds Three Primary Categories Used by African-American Women Facing Intimate Partner Violence

African-American women in abusive relationships use a variety of strategies pulled from three general categories to survive intimate partner violence (IPV), according to a new University at Buffalo study recently published in the journal Social Work.







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