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Science

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Biology, Parkinson Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Cell Biology, ALS, Alzheimer's Disease, Neurodegenative Disease

Parkinson's Disease Protection May Begin in the Gut

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The gut may play a key role in preventing the onset of Parkinson's disease. UI biologists found that in roundworms, an immune response from intestinal cells sparks a series of chemical signals that ultimately preserves neurons whose death is associated with Parkinson's. The results appear in the journal Cell Reports.

Medicine

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Breast Cancer, Brca 1/2 Gene, Adolescent Girls, Depresion, Anxiety

Teen Girls with a Family History of Breast Cancer Do Not Experience Increased Depression or Anxiety

PHILADELPHIA — More and more girls are expected to have to confront breast cancer fears as modern genomics technology makes it easier to detect strong risk factors such as inherited BRCA1/2 mutations. But a new study shows that adolescent girls in families with a history of breast cancer or a high-risk BRCA1/2 mutation do not experience negative psychological effects, on average, and even seem to have higher self-esteem than their peers.

Medicine

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University of Chicago Medicine, University of Chicago Medical Center, University of Chicago Medical , Bradley Stolbach, John Cunningham, Healing Hurt People - Chicago, Emergency Department, Pediatrics, Violence, Trauma, Chicago, Mental Health, SAMHSA, trauma exposure, PTSD, Community Violence

Comer Children’s Wins $2M Federal Grant to Help Kids Affected by Violence

The University of Chicago Medicine Comer Children’s Hospital will provide screening and mental health care for hundreds of children and families that have been affected by violence in many of Chicago’s South and West side neighborhoods.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Having a Happy Spouse Could Be Good for Your Health

Having a happy spouse may be related to better health, at least among middle-aged and older adults, according to a new study published by the American Psychological Association.

Medicine

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Spasticity, Stiffness, Stroke, Cerebral Palsy, Brain Injury Rehabilitation Programs, Stroke Rehabilitation, cerebral palsy rehabilitation

Enzyme Hyaluronidase Shows Promise as Treatment for Muscle Stiffness Caused by Brain Injury

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A naturally occurring enzyme called hyaluronidase may be an effective alternative treatment for spasticity, or muscle stiffness, a disabling condition in people who have had a stroke or other brain injury. That is the finding of a study from NYU Langone Medical Center published in the July print issue of EBioMedicine.

Medicine

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Endocrine Society, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , Brigham And Women's Hospital, Menopausal Symptoms, Menopause, Hot Flash, Hot Flashes, Depression, Mental Health, Sleep, Women's Health

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Sep-2016 2:00 PM EDT

Science

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Neuroscience, Brain, brain networks, Brain Stimulation, Neurostimlation, Biology, Health, Epilepsy, Depression, Neurological Disorders, Psychiatric Disorders

New Study Describes What Happens When the Brain Is Artificially Stimulated

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Stimulating the brain via electricity or other means may help ease symptoms of various neurological and psychiatric disorders, with the method already used to treat conditions from epilepsy to depression. But what really happens when doctors zap the brain?

Medicine

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TTUHSC El Paso, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, Ricardo , Geriatric Psychiatry, Alzheimer's Disease, neuropsychiatric symptoms, Depression, Agitation, elation, Hallucinations, Delusions, TARCC, NPI-Q, Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire, Hispanic, Mexican American

Study Finds Alzheimer’s Manifests Differently in Hispanics

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EL PASO, Texas - Certain symptoms associated with the development of Alzheimer’s disease, including agitation and depression, affect Hispanics more frequently and severely than other ethnicities. The findings, published in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience (JNCN), suggest that Alzheimer’s disease manifests itself differently in Hispanic populations.

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, SRS, Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Brain Metastases

Post-Operative Stereotactic Radiosurgery a New Standard of Care for Patients with Resected Brain Metastases

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For patients who have cancer that has metastasized to the brain, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) results in statistically comparable survival rates, reduced cognitive decline and better quality of life (QOL), compared to whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, SRS, Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Brain Metastases

Stereotactic Radiosurgery Decreases Rate of Post-Operative Local Recurrence for Brain Metastases

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Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for cancer patients who receive the treatment for brain metastases decreases the likelihood of local recurrence but shows no positive difference in terms of overall survival (OS) or distant brain metastases (DBMs) rates, when compared to observation alone following surgical resection of brain metastases, according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Life

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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For Those with Higher Status Jobs, Depression May Be Harder to Treat

An international study has found that having a high status job means that you are less likely to respond to standard treatment with medications for depression.

Medicine

Science

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Homicide, Alcohol, alcohol-involved homicide, male gender, Domestic Abuse, minority status, Alcohol Policies, Victims

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Sep-2016 5:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Cancer, Brain Tumor, gliblastoma

New Hope in Fight Against Aggressive and Often Hard to Treat Brain Tumour

Researchers from the University of Southampton have discovered a potential way of stopping one of the most aggressive types of brain tumour from spreading, which could lead the way to better patient survival.

Medicine

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Anxiety, Dialysis, Kidney Disease

Anxiety Is an Underrecognized Yet Serious Clinical Problem for Dialysis Patients

• A new review examines how anxiety may affect the health and care of patients with kidney failure who are undergoing hemodialysis.

Medicine

Science

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heavy drinking, Older Adults, neurocognition, Damage, Alcohol Dependence

Older adults with long-term alcohol dependence lose neurocognitive abilities

Heavy drinking can lead to neurophysiological and cognitive changes ranging from disrupted sleep to more serious neurotoxic effects. Aging can also contribute to cognitive decline. Several studies on the interaction of current heavy drinking and aging have had varied results. This study sought to elucidate the relations among age, heavy drinking, and neurocognitive function.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Suicide, Mental Health, Health, Social Psychology, Teenagers, Adolescence, social integration, Social Isolation, Education, School

Study Shows How a Community’s Culture and Social Connectedness Can Increase Suicide Risk

Community characteristics play an important role in perpetuating teen suicide clusters and thwarting prevention efforts, according to a new study.

Medicine

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Fear of Stigma or Sanction Keeps Many Doctors From Revealing Mental Health Issues, Study Finds

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Even as doctors across America encourage their patients to share concerns about depression, anxiety and other concerns, a new study suggests the doctors may be less likely to seek help for those same concerns about themselves.

Medicine

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Teen Suicide, Teen Depression, Depression, Suicide, Psychiatry, Child Psychiatry, adolescent psychiatry

The Medical Minute: Stepping Up Efforts to Home in on Teen Depression

New guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics are designed to help pediatricians identify more serious depression and suicidal tendencies so teens get the help they need to climb out of any dark holes before they get stuck.

Medicine

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Football Injuries, Concussion

Wake Forest Baptist Researchers Using NIH Grant to Study Cumulative Effects of Head Impacts in High School Football Players

Supported by a National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant worth a projected $3.3 million over five years, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center investigators have expanded their research into the cumulative effects of head impacts in young football players to the high school level.

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Life

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Law and Public Policy

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Presidential Debate: Expert Panel Gives Scientific Analysis of Candidates' Performances

Four expert panelists each day will present their analyses and answer your questions live and face-to-face. This event will be virtual. You can attend with any device -- PC, Mac, iPad, iPhone or Android device (with a webcam) – anywhere with good bandwidth. To participate (ask questions) in the meeting, you must be on video, just as a normal news conference. Register below for guaranteed seating; there is limited seating in the virtual room. Eight experts (four at each event) will present their analyses. The diverse expert team (7 universities and an institute) will analyze both candidates during the debates for their gestures, facial expressions (including smiles--number, type, appropriateness, etc.), posture, language, including sentiment, tone, inflammatory language, repetition, vocabulary, sentence structure, metaphors, framing, themes, suggestions, subtlety, nuance, honesty (deceit/lies—explicit and implicit), transparency, gender issues, and more...







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