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A Quark Like No Other, Biophysics Plays Key Role in Immune System Signaling and Response, ALMA Reveals Sun in New Light, and MORE in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

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Discovery Adds Rock Collecting to Neanderthal's Repertoire

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Interesting limestone rock found at Croatian Neanderthal site

Science

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Anthropology, acheology, Bering Strait, human settlements, Yukon, Radiocarbon, PLoS ONE, Montreal

The First Humans Arrived in North America a Lot Earlier Than Believed

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Anthropologists at Université de Montréal have dated the oldest human settlement in Canada back 10,000 years.

Medicine

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Troy, Byzantine, Diseases, Ancient, Health, DNA, Genome

Byzantine Skeleton Yields 800-Year-Old Genomes From a Fatal Infection

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Writing this week (Jan. 10, 2017) in the journal eLife, a team led by the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Caitlin Pepperell and McMaster University's Hendrik Poinar provides insight into the everyday hazards of life in the late Byzantine Empire, sometime around the early 13th century, as well as the evolution of Staphylococcus saprophyticus, a common bacterial pathogen.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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Roman Theater, Sussita, Hypos - Sussita, Dr. Michael Eisenberg

Roman Theater Discovered in University of Haifa Excavations at Hippos (Sussita)

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Surprisingly, the theater is situated outside the city walls and appears to have formed part of a large sanctuary. Accordingly, it may not have functioned as a regular Roman theater, but rather played an important role in religious ceremonies to one of the gods of the sanctuary

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cuneiform, Babylon, Neo-Sumerian, Assyiology

Tablets 1.0: Ancient Cuneiform Pieces Find Home in Creighton's Law Library

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Among the oldest items to be found on Creighton University’s campus is a receipt for barley that clocks in at just under four-and-a-half millennia of existence.

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University of Birmingham Researchers Discover New Ancient Tombs

Archaeologists from the University of Birmingham have found “compelling evidence” of new pharaonic tombs at Qubbet el-Hawa in Aswan, Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities has revealed.

Medicine

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Why We Walk on Our Heels Instead of Our Toes

A new study explores why humans walk with a heel-to-toe stride, while many other animals -- such as dogs and cats -- get around on the balls of their feet.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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Anthropology, anthropology news, Anthropology research, Archaeology, 100 Global Thinkers, Satellite Archaeology, Global, Foreign Policy, ted, TED Fellow, GlobalXplorer

Parcak named to 100 Global Thinkers list by Foreign Policy Magazine

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UAB professor Sarah Parcak, Ph.D., has been named to the list for her innovations in the area of satellite archaeology.

Science

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Neanderthal, Archaeology, Clive Gamble, Andrew Shaw, human origins, La Cotte de St Brelade, Jersey

Jersey Was a Must-See Tourist Destination for Neanderthals for Over 100,000 Years

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New research led by the University of Southampton, England, shows Neanderthals kept coming back to a coastal cave site in Jersey (UK) from at least 180,000 years ago until around 40,000 years ago.

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Paleontology, Tumor, Fossil, Evolution, Disease, tooth, synapsid, Mammal

Fossilized Evidence of a Tumor in a 255-Million-Year-Old Mammal Forerunner

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Paleontologists at the University of Washington report that an extinct mammal relative harbored a benign tumor made up of miniature, tooth-like structures. The tumor, a compound odontoma, is common to mammals today. But this animal lived 255 million years ago, before mammals even existed.

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Archaelology, Beans, Nutrition, Levantine Archaeology, Boaretto

Hunting the Wild Fava

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The wild faba – today, fava – bean is believed to be extinct. Dr. Elisabeth Boaretto has identified the oldest known faba beans – about 14,000 years old. Understanding how the wild fabas survived can help scientists grow hardier fava crops today. Favas are a major source of nutrition in many parts of the world

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University Of Texas At Austin, Anthropology, Lemur, Madagascar, Trichromacy, Dichromacy, Colorbind, Color Vision, Vision, Eyes, Rebecca Lewis

Female Lemurs with Color Vision Provide Advantages for Their Group

Female lemurs with normal color vision, as well as their cohabitating colorblind group members, may have selective advantage over lemur groups whose members are all colorblind, according to anthropologists at The University of Texas at Austin.

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Malaria Mystery: Researchers Find Overwhelming Evidence of Malaria’s Existence 2,000 Years Ago at the Height of the Roman Empire

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An analysis of 2,000-year-old human remains from several regions across the Italian peninsula has confirmed the presence of malaria during the Roman Empire, addressing a longstanding debate about its pervasiveness in this ancient civilization.

Life

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University Of Haifa, Dr. Gil Gambash, Prof. Asaf Yasur Landau, Gargilius Antiques, Bar Kochba Revolt, Roman Prefect

Ancient Inscription Permits for the First Time the Definite Identification of Gargilius Antiques as the Roman Prefect During the Period Before the Bar Kochba Revolt

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“This is only the second time that the name Judea has appeared in any inscription from the Roman periods,” note Prof. Assaf Yasur-Landau and Dr. Gil Gambash of the University of Haifa

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Lucy, Australopithecus afarensis, Ethiopia, The University Of Texas At Austin, Anthropology

Human Ancestor ‘Lucy’ Was a Tree Climber, New Evidence Suggests

Evidence preserved in the internal skeletal structure of the world-famous fossil, Lucy, suggests the ancient human species frequently climbed trees, according to a new analysis by scientists from The Johns Hopkins University and The University of Texas at Austin.

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Lucy, Australopithecus afarensis

Bone Scans Suggest Early Hominin "Lucy" Spent Significant Time in Trees

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Australopithecus afarensis arm bones were strong relative to leg bones; walking gait was likely inefficient

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Lucy, Bones, Ancestor, Christopher Ruff, Skeleton

Human Ancestor 'Lucy' Was a Tree Climber, New Evidence Suggests

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Since the discovery of the fossil dubbed Lucy 42 years ago this month, paleontologists have debated whether the 3 million-year-old human ancestor spent all of her time walking on the ground or instead combined walking with frequent tree climbing.

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Black Death ‘Plague Pit’ Discovered at 14th-Century Monastery Hospital

48 skeletons discovered in ‘Plague Pit’ – 27 of them children; Extremely rare discovery suggests community was overwhelmed by the Black Death

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Dakota Access Pipeline, cultural anthropology, American Indian culture, American Indian Education

Looking at Dakota Access pipeline from American Indian perspective

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