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Medicine

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Duke University Medical Center, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University, Duke Health, Gender Identity, Transgender, transgender health, transgender medicine, College Student Drinking, College Student Health, College Freshmen, Binge Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, alcohol aggressive behavior, alcohol and violence, Alcohol, Blackouts, Scott Swartzwelder

Transgender College Freshmen Drink More, Experience More Blackouts

A survey of more than 422,000 college freshmen found that students who identified as transgender were more likely than their cisgender peers to experience negative consequences from drinking, including memory blackouts, academic problems and conflicts such as arguments or physical fights.

Medicine

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Early Infant Weight Gain, Preventing Vision Loss, Sesame Street's Julia, and More in the Children's Health News Source

Click here for the latest research and features on Children's Health.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Wake Forest University, Wake Forest, WFU, Winston-Salem, N.C., North Carolina, House Bill 2, HB2, Bathroms, experts available, Experts

WFU Experts Available: HB2 One Year Later

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With the first anniversary of the passage of North Carolina House Bill 2 (HB2) approaching this week, several Wake Forest experts are available to comment on the original legislation, appeal proposals, court challenges and the impact on the state.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Anosmia, Social Network, olfactory dysfunction, social life, Aging, Sex And Gender Differences

The Social Costs of Smell Loss in Older Women

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A new study of older U.S. adults from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions reports that a woman’s social life is associated with how well her sense of smell functions. The study found that older women who do less well on a smell identification task also tend to have fewer social connections.

Medicine

Science

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Transgender, College, Alcohol, Coping mechanisms, alcohol consequences, high-risk drinking, Social Anxiety, Self Esteem, male-to-female

Transgender College Students May Use Alcohol as a Coping Mechanism

Although college can be demanding for young adults, it may be particularly so for transgender students struggling with identity-formation and other emotional, social, and developmental challenges. Prior research suggests that transgender students may experience greater drinking and negative alcohol-related consequences than their cisgender peers (i.e., those whose gender matches their sex at birth). This study examined levels of drinking, frequency of blackouts and other alcohol-related consequences, and drinking motivations among transgender college students.

Life

Business

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Gender and Business, gender inequity, gender and politics, women issues, Gender and Relationships, Gender Inequality

Forgiving Males, Firing Females: Women in the Workplace Face Harsher Discipline

In their recently published paper, “When Harry Fired Sally: The Double Standard in Punishing Misconduct,” University of Chicago Booth School of Business’ Gregor Matvos, Stanford’s Amit Seru and University of Minnesota’s Mark Egan explore how women working in the financial advisory industry are punished more severely than their male coworkers for similar misconduct.

Medicine

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Improving the ER, Opioids and Surgery, Colds in Transplant Patients, Hearing Aids, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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New Research Shows Split on How People Consider Transgender Rights Issues

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New study measuring attitudes on transgender rights issues finds significant support for protection of general civil rights for transgender people, but public opinion is more divided on policies that relate to the body and gender roles, such as people being able to choose which public restroom to use based on one's gender identity or the ability to change one's sex on a state-issued driver's license.

Medicine

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Medical Education, medical resident education, medical residency, JAMA Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine

Gender Bias May Hamper Evaluations of Female Emergency Medicine Residents

Implicit gender bias has long been suspected in many medical training programs, but until recently has been difficult to study objectively. Now, for the first time, a nationally standardized milestone evaluation system for emergency medicine residents is shining a light on these potential biases. In study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine, researchers found that although male and female emergency medicine specialists start off residency on an equal playing field, by the end of the three-year training program male residents, on average, received higher evaluations on all 23 emergency medicine training categories – including medical knowledge, patient safety, team management, and communication.

Medicine

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Emergency Medicine, Resident Education, Gender, gender bias, Physician Training, evaluation process

Evaluation of Emergency Medicine Residents Points to Gender Bias

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By the end of the third and final year of residency, evaluations of female physicians placed them three to four months behind male colleagues in the same training program. Male residents, on average, received higher evaluations on all 23 training categories. The gap emerged early in the second year of training and steadily widened until graduation.







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