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Digestive Disorders

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Medicine

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Endocrine Society, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , Endocrinology, Type 1 Diabetes, Microbiome, Microbiota, Intestinal Bacteria, Inflammation

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Gut Inflammation, Bacteria Changes

People with Type 1 diabetes exhibit inflammation in the digestive tract and gut bacteria¬—a pattern that differs from individuals who do not have diabetes or those who have celiac disease, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Medicine

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Pancreas, Digestive Enzymes, FGF21, Diabetes, Kidney Diseases, Ut Southwestern

UT Southwestern Researchers Identify Novel Mechanism That Protects Pancreas From Digestive Enzymes

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UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have uncovered the mechanism by which the stress hormone FGF21 keeps digestive enzymes from damaging the pancreas.

Medicine

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Parents Struggle with When to Keep Kids Home Sick From School; Experts on Peanut Allergies Weigh In on New Guidelines; A Better Way to Test for Jaundice, and More in the Children's Health News Source

Click here for the latest research and features on Children's Health.

Medicine

Science

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Association Between Eating Hot Peppers and Decreased Mortality, 20 Minutes of Exercise Can Act as Anti-Inflammatory, A Fly Model to Understand the Mechanisms Underlying Human Obesity, and More in the Obesity News Source

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source

Medicine

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cancer, gastrointestinal tumor

Columbia, NewYork-Presbyterian and Non-Profit Life Raft Group Form Cancer Research Partnership

Collaboration will investigate the efficacy of a system biology approach to identifying treatment options for patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Medicine

Science

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Growing More Nutritional Strawberries in Kansas, Help for Eating Disorder Patients, Hot Weather Not to Blame for Salmonella on Egg Farms, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

Medicine

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Starch, Resistant Starch, Bananas, Potatoes

Foods Rich in Resistant Starch May Benefit Health

A new comprehensive review examines the potential health benefits of resistant starch, a form of starch that is not digested in the small intestine and is therefore considered a type of dietary fibre.

Medicine

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Autism

Increased Reaction to Stress Linked to Gastrointestinal Issues in Children with Autism

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One in 68 American children lives with autism spectrum disorder, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Many of these children also have significant gastrointestinal issues, but the cause of these symptoms is unknown. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine suggest that the gastrointestinal issues in these individuals with autism may be related to an increased reaction to stress. It’s a finding the researchers hope could lead to better treatment options for these patients.

Medicine

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Tissue Engineering, Gastric, Stomach, Gastroinestinal, Gastrointesinal Health, Nature, pluripotent stem cells, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, pediatrics disorders, Nutrition, press release distribution, news, Developmental Biology

Scientists Tissue-Engineer Part of Human Stomach in Laboratory

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Scientists report in Nature using pluripotent stem cells to generate human stomach tissues in a petri dish that produce acid and digestive enzymes. Publishing their findings online Jan. 4, researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center grew tissues from the stomach’s corpus/fundus region. The study comes two years after the same team generated the stomach’s hormone-producing region (the antrum). The discovery means investigators now can grow both parts of the human stomach to study disease.

Medicine

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IBD, IBD and children , IBD and nutrition, SCD, Crohn's Diease, Ulcerative Colitis, Ulcerative Colitis in children

Novel Diet Therapy Helps Children with Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Reach Remission

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Study results show pediatric patients with active Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can reach remission with diet alone.

Medicine

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esophogeal cancer, Koeffler, tumor heterogeneity, esophogeal tumor

Study Unmasks the Genetic Complexity of Cancer Cells Within the Same Tumor

A new study led by Cedars-Sinai investigators dramatically illustrates the complexity of cancer by identifying more than 2,000 genetic mutations in tissue samples of esophageal tumors. The findings reveal that even different areas of individual tumors have various genetic patterns.

Medicine

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#annals of Surgery, Colorectal Surgery

Post-Op Complications Measurements Differ, Mayo Clinic Study Finds

PHOENIX – How do medical professionals determine whether or not a patient has experienced a post-operative complication? A team of Mayo Clinic physicians and researchers has published results of a three-year study examining mechanisms for measuring and reporting postoperative infection complications. The study analyzed patient admissions between 2012 and 2014 at the four teaching hospitals across Mayo Clinic’s campuses in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota. The results are published online in the Annals of Surgery.

Medicine

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Aspirin, Cancer Prevention, Colorectal Cancer, evidence-based practice , Neoplasia, Polyps, science of health care delivery

Colorectal Cancer Prevention: A Proven Benefit of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Mayo Clinic researchers and a team of collaborating scientists from across the country have determined the comparative effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin and several supplements in preventing the recurrence of advanced neoplasia (polyps that are the precursor of colorectal cancer) after polyp removal.

Medicine

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Biobank, Gene Sequencing, Hepatology, Human Genome, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, primary sclerosing cholangitis, Ulcerative Colitis

Mayo Clinic Researchers Announce Discoveries From Largest Genome-Wide Study of Chronic Liver Disease

A study of unprecedented scale has led researchers to identify four previously unknown genetic risk locations for primary sclerosing cholangitis, a liver disease that lacks effective medical therapy. A Dec. 19 article in Nature Genetics highlights the undertaking, which is the largest genome-wide association study of primary sclerosing cholangitis to date and a step toward providing breakthrough treatments for the unmet needs of primary sclerosing cholangitis patients.

Medicine

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Biomedicine, Gastroenterology, enteritis, Autoimmune Disease, Melanoma, chronic inflammation, Diarrhea

Successfully Treating Genetically Determined Autoimmune Enteritis

Using targeted immunotherapy, doctors have succeeded in curing a type of autoimmune enteritis caused by a recently discovered genetic mutation. This report comes from researchers at the Department of Biomedicine of the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel. Their results raise new possibilities for the management of diarrhea, which is often a side effect of melanoma treatment.

Medicine

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Mental Disorder, Epilepsy, Eating Disorder, Depression, Anxiety

Depression in Young People Affects the Stomach, Anxiety the Skin

Mental disorders and physical diseases frequently go hand in hand. For the first time, psychologists at the University of Basel and Ruhr University Bochum have identified temporal patterns in young people: arthritis and diseases of the digestive system are more common after depression, while anxiety disorders tend to be followed by skin diseases.

Medicine

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TTUHSC El Paso, El Paso County, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, Richard McCallum, Irene Sarosiek, Gastroparesis, Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium, Diabetes, Clinical Trials, Niddk

$1.8 Million Grant Funds Digestive Disease Research in El Paso

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EL PASO, Texas — Co-principal investigators Richard McCallum, M.D., and Irene Sarosiek, M.D., have received a five-year, $1.8 million grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The funds will support basic research and clinical trials on patients living with a digestive disorder named gastroparesis.

Medicine

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Exercise Program Improved Testosterone Levels in Obese Men, Dad’s Preconception Exercise May Increase Obesity, Women Have Lower Risk of Heart Disease After Weight-Loss Surgery Than Men, and More in the Obesity News Source

The latest research and features on obesity in the Obesity News Source.

Medicine

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Diabetes, Inflammation, Macrophages, fatty acid synthesis, Fatty Acid Synthase, Obesity

Cause of Inflammation in Diabetes Identified

Inflammation is one of the main reasons why people with diabetes experience heart attacks, strokes, kidney problems and other, related complications. Now, in a surprise finding, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have discovered, in mice, that when certain immune cells can’t manufacture fat, the mice don’t develop diabetes and inflammation, even when consuming a high-fat diet.

Medicine

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Weight Loss, Calories, bio medical , Obesity, Genetics, Muscle, Protein, The Obesity Society, obesityweek

Can We Harness Our Genes to Burn More Calories?

Novel biomedical research uncovers tie between genetic variant and energy expenditure – a potential biological pathway to increase calorie burn and weight loss







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