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Science

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Camelina, Canola, California crop, water use, Crops, Oilseed, oilseed crops, Biofuel

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 12:00 PM EST

Science

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aquatic insects, fish, Ecology

New Studies Quantify the Impacts of Water Use on Diversity of Fish and Aquatic Insects in NC Streams

The health of fish and aquatic insects could be significantly affected by withdrawals of fresh water from the rivers and streams across North Carolina according to a new scientific assessment.

Science

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new species, Frogs, Biodiversity

Seven New Species of Night Frogs From the Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot Including Four Miniature Forms

Scientists from India have discovered seven new frog species belonging to the Night Frogs genus. Four out of seven of the new species are miniature-sized frogs (12.2–15.4 mm), which can comfortably sit on a coin or a thumbnail. These are among the smallest known frogs in the world.

Science

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Marine Life, Shellfish, Coral Reefs

URI Professor Examines Effects of Climate Change on Coral Reefs, Shellfish

Professor is studying how a variety of marine organisms are responding to changes in their environment. Focusing on reef-building corals and other shelled creatures that are threatened by increasing temperatures and ocean acidification, she is testing them to determine how species may acclimatize to the new circumstances.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, hydraulic fluids, Hydraulic Fracturing, hydraulic fracturing fluids, Fluids, Microbes, Microorganism, Microorganisms, Sustainability, Nature Microbiology, Microbiology, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Environmental Science, Ecosystem, ecosystem health, JGI, Join

Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

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For the first time, scientists analyzed the genetic material of surface microbes that are colonizing the deep subsurface, where they are adapting and thriving.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Environmental Science, Environmental Research, Carbon, soil, soil carbon, soil carbon storage, Soil Science, soil sciences, Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Dioxide, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon dioxide capture, Carbon dioxide conversion, Science, Science (magazine), Radiocarbo

Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon Than Expected This Century

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Some global models underestimate the mean age of soil carbon. This underestimation results in an overestimation of soil’s carbon sequestration potential.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Emsl, JGI, Joint Genome Institute, Proceedings Of The Natinal Academy Of Sciences, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Biogeochemistry, Geochemistry, Oceans, Oxygen, Oxygen Deprivation, Oxygen Minimum, Genetics, Enviroment, Environmental Science, Environmental Resear

Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans

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New model reveals the significant role of microbes in oceanic nutrient and energy cycling. The results of this work significantly improve the crude models of microbial activity in important oceanic zones and provide holistic insights into how microbes drive nutrient and energy flow.

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Warming Ponds Could Accelerate Climate Change

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Rising temperatures could accelerate climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide stored in ponds and increasing the methane they release, new research shows.

Science

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Computation Institute, Institute for Molecular Engineering , Northwestern-Argonne Institute for Science and Engineering , Environmental Science, Technology, Integrated environmental assessments, Water Quality

Breakthrough Wireless Sensing System Attracts Industry and Government Agency Interest

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Top experts in environmental sensing explored existing and potential applications for Waggle and other sensing technologies during a two-day workshop held at Argonne last year. From researching deforestation in the Amazon to improving air quality for manned space missions, attendees revealed unique ways to apply sensing technology to improve our understanding of Earth and human health – and a number of these applications employed Waggle.

Science

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Energy, Renewable Energy, FUEL, coal, Power Generation, Energy Sources, Power Plant, Higher Education, Universities and Colleges, Green Energy

University of Iowa Announces It Will Be Coal-Free by 2025

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The University of Iowa will divest fully from coal as a campus energy source by 2025. UI officials, led by President Harreld, announced the goal, which will come from the university increasing its use of biomass and other renewable energy sources.

Science

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Forest, urban forests, rural forests, Migration, Ecosystem, Mapping, forest dynamics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 2:00 PM EST

Science

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genes, agriculture and climate change, climate change adaptation

Maize Study Finds Genes That Help Crops Adapt to Change

A new study analyzed close to 4,500 maize varieties to identify more than 1,000 genes driving large-scale adaptation to the environment.

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Climate-Driven Permafrost Thaw

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In bitter cold regions like northwestern Canada, permafrost has preserved relict ground-ice and vast glacial sedimentary stores in a quasi-stable state. These landscapes therefore retain a high potential for climate-driven transformation.

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Congo River Fish Evolution Shaped by Intense Rapids

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Genomic study in lower Congo reveals microscale diversification.

Science

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EDCs, Endocrine Disruptors, Phthalates, Europe, European Union, Denmark, European Chemicals Agency, plasticiers, Health, Human Health, Consumers, Environment

Chemicals Recognised as Human Endocrine Disruptors by EU

For the first, the EU has identified four chemical compounds as being of concern to human health because of their endocrine disrupting properties

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Microbiomes, Exomoons, Solar Nebula, Ferroelectrics, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

Science

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Pollution, Environment, Health, seagrass, Seaweed

Underwater Seagrass Beds Dial Back Polluted Seawater

Seagrass meadows – bountiful underwater gardens that nestle close to shore and are the most common coastal ecosystem on Earth – can reduce bacterial exposure for corals, other sea creatures and humans.

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Government of Nigeria Drops Buffer Zone for Superhighway Project but More Must Be Done to Protect Communities and Wildlife

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The Cross River State government’s announcement yesterday to drop a 12-mile buffer around a proposed superhighway though one of Nigeria’s last rainforests is still not enough to prevent the loss of important community forests and significant impacts to the region’s wildlife if the project moves forward, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and its campaign effort to reroute the project entirely.

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Agricultural, Mad Cow Disease, cow, Rural, UK, Model, Policy, Vaccination, University of Warwick, Life Sciences, Biology, Disease, Infection

Foot-and-Mouth Crises to Be Averted with Vaccination Strategy

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Future outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) can be controlled effectively and quickly with vaccinations – saving millions of pounds and hundreds of thousands of livestock – according to research by the University of Warwick.

Science

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Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Zoology

Biochemical Tricks of the Hibernating Bear

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Winter is in full swing, and many of us have fantasized about curling up in a warm cave and slumbering until the warmth of spring arrives, just like a bear. Bears have the ability to sleep away the harsh winter months when food is scarce. They can spend five to seven months in hibernation. During this time, bears do not eat, drink, excrete or exercise. Despite the length of inactivity, bears do not experience bone loss, muscle loss, heart complications or blood clots like humans do during extended bouts of inactivity.







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