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The Role of Fresh Water Lakes and Reservoirs in the Global Carbon Cycle

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Understanding the role of freshwater lakes and reservoirs in the global carbon cycle is central to the work of Kevin Rose, who recently joined the faculty at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI).

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Stink Bugs Will Be Knocking on Your Door Once the Cooler Fall Weather Arrives. Expert Bill Cissel Can Help Plan for Their Arrival

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Why Aren’t There More Lions?

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A McGill-led team has discovered a pattern that is consistent across a range of ecosystems. They found that, in a very systematic way, in crowded settings, prey reproduced less than they do in settings where their numbers are smaller. Some scientists are already suggesting that it may well be the discovery of a new law of nature.

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Clues From Ancient Maya Reveal Lasting Impact on Environment

Evidence from the tropical lowlands of Central America reveals how Maya activity more than 2,000 years ago not only contributed to the decline of their environment but continues to influence today’s environmental conditions, according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

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Fingerprinting Erosion

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Watershed health and water quality issues are a growing concern. Researchers examined the sediments traveling downstream toward Lake Winnipeg. In order to better understand where sediments are coming from, they used a technique called color fingerprinting to identify the specific origin of the erosion.

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Climate Change Plus El Niño Could Equal Destruction for California and Caribbean

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Groundbreaking CSU Study Finds Changing Environment Can Lead to Rapid Evolution

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Results of a groundbreaking Colorado State University study which were published this week in the journal Nature, show that guppies from transplanted populations initially respond to a lack of predators with coping mechanisms that include changes in the expression of genes in the brain; some of the changes were beneficial, while others were disadvantageous. When the researchers compared how the brains of the introduced guppies evolved to incorporate the initial coping responses, they found that the genes that exhibited the initially maladaptive responses evolved rapidly to allow future generations to thrive better in the new environment. The study, which is funded by the National Science Foundation, is being hailed as groundbreaking.

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Mapping Alaska and the Arctic: Researcher Available to Discuss Project Announced Today by White House

Michael Willis is an earth and atmospheric sciences research associate at Cornell University and a member of the research team for ArcticDEM – a project announced today by the White House that will develop a high-resolution topographic map of the Arctic that, for the first time, will provide consistent coverage of the entire region to better monitor the effects of climate change. He is available to answer questions about the project, his work and the Arctic region in general.

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FSU Researcher: Change in Environment Can Lead to Rapid Evolution

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A new study by Florida State University is showing that rapid evolution can occur in response to environmental changes.

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The Power of Film

Researcher at the University of Iowa is the first to use the Internet and social media to systematically show how a documentary film shaped public perception and ultimately led to municipal bans on hydraulic fracking.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-Sep-2015 10:00 AM EDT

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Cooperative Carbon Capture by a Novel Material that Mimics a Plant Enzyme

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Scientists discovered a material that exhibits an unprecedented mechanism for carbon dioxide capture-and-release with only small shifts in temperature. The material’s structure closely resembles an enzyme found in plants that captures carbon dioxide for conversion into nutrients.

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Study Uses Internet and Social Media to Show How Fracking Documentary Influenced Public Perception and Political Change

A University of Iowa (UI) sociologist and his co-researchers are the first to use the Internet and social media to systematically show how a documentary film reshaped public perception and ultimately led to municipal bans on hydraulic fracking.

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FAU Professor at the Forefront of Climate Change, Sea-Level Rise and Environmental Research

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Metallic Hydrogen, Gravitational Waves, Killer Asteroids, Photosynthesis Seen From Space, the Atypical History of Climate Change Science, and More

The following articles are freely available online from Physics Today (www.physicstoday.org), the world's most influential and closely followed magazine devoted to physics and the physical science community.

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Saving Oysters by Digging Up Their Past

Restoring oyster reefs is not an easy task, but by digging deep and examining centuries-old reefs, marine restoration professionals may stand a better chance at bringing oysters back, said a new Cornell University and Paleontological Research Institution (PRI) study published in the August issue of the Journal of Shellfish Research.

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Forest Rangers Arrest Six Bird Poachers in Gunung Leuser National Park

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Forest Rangers from Gunung Leuser National Park and WCS– Indonesia Program’s SMART (Spatial Management and Reporting Tool) Patrol Unit announced the arrest of six bird poachers in Tegapan Village in Gunung Leuser National Park (GLNP), Stabat Area, Sumatera, in Indonesia.

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Building with Recycled Concrete

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Farmington Hills, MI - Every day we are impacted by recycled materials. We dry our hands with recycled paper towels, drink our coffee from recycled paper cups, and even drink our water from recycled plastic bottles. But what about building materials?

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UCI Study Finds Dramatic Increase in Concurrent Droughts, Heat Waves

Droughts and heat waves are happening simultaneously with much greater frequency than in the past, according to research by climate experts at the University of California, Irvine. Their findings appear today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Columbia Engineers Develop New Approach to Modeling Amazon Seasonal Cycles

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Columbia engineers have developed a new approach, opposite to climate models, to correct inaccuracies using a high-resolution atmospheric model that more precisely resolves clouds and convection and parameterizes the feedback between convection and atmospheric circulation. The new simulation strategy paves the way for better understanding of the water and carbon cycles in the Amazon, enabling researchers to learn more about the role of deforestation and climate change on the forest.” (PNAS Online Early Edition 8/31)