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Global Food Summit at UCI to Address Sustainable Solutions to Feeding the World

Global Food Summit: Sustainable Solutions is the second of a two-part Global Food Security conference held at University of California, Irvine. Internationally renowned food security leaders, practitioners and academics will address critical topics, ranging from global efforts to improve agriculture to the promise of technological advances. For full list of events, go to: http://blumcenter.uci.edu/gfs/

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Influence of Sea-Ice Loss on Arctic Warming Is Shaped by Temperatures in the Pacific Ocean

Influence of sea-ice loss on Arctic warming is shaped by varying temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, new study shows

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Maryland Climate and Health Report Identifies State's Vulnerabilities to Climate Change

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As world leaders convene in Washington, DC this week for the Climate Action 2016 summit, a new report by Maryland public health leaders, the Maryland Climate and Health Profile report, details the impacts of climate change on the health of Marylanders now and in the future.

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Hydropeaking of River Water Levels Is Disrupting Insect Survival, River Ecosystems

A group of researchers concluded today in a study in the journal BioScience that "hydropeaking" of water flows on many rivers in the West has a devastating impact on aquatic insect abundance.

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New Study Found Ocean Acidification May Be Impacting Coral Reefs in the Florida Keys

In a new study, University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers found that the limestone that forms the foundation of coral reefs along the Florida Reef Tract is dissolving during the fall and winter months on many reefs in the Florida Keys. The research showed that the upper Florida Keys were the most impacted by the annual loss of reef.

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Climate-Exodus Expected in the Middle East and North Africa

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Part of the Middle East and North Africa may become uninhabitable due to climate change.

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U.S. Climate-Adaptation Plans Long on Ideas, Short on Details, Priorities

An analysis of more than 40 climate-adaptation plans from across the U.S. shows that local communities are good at developing strategies to combat the harmful effects of climate change but often fail to prioritize their goals or to provide implementation details.

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A Cleansing Rain Falls; A Soil-Filled Mist Arises

Scientists have found that rain triggers the release of a mist of particles from wet soils into the air, a finding with consequences for how scientists model our planet’s climate and future. The evidence comes in the form of tiny glassy spheres, less than one-hundredth the width of a human hair, discovered in the Great Plains.

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No Males Needed: All-Female Salamanders Regrow Tails 36 Percent Faster

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The lady salamander that shuns male companionship may reap important benefits. For instance, when a predator snaps off her tail. New research from The Ohio State University compared an all-female population of mole salamanders to a related heterosexual species and found they grew their tails back 36 percent faster. The unisexual salamanders (part of the Ambystoma genus) contain DNA of up to five species and reproduce primarily by cloning themselves.

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Tracking Climate Change? Use the Daily Highs

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Scientists using long-term surface temperature data to track climate change caused by greenhouse gases would be best served using only daily high temperature readings without the nighttime lows, according to new research.

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The Master Variable of Soil Science: pH

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pH of soil affects the soil health – and your plants’ health, too

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Mother Nature Overshadows Impact of Anglers

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When it comes to reducing the number of walleye, anglers take a back seat to Mother Nature. That’s the one of the insights on harvest dynamics emerging from a research project to assess movement, mortality and the impact of anglers on walleye populations along the Missouri River from the Oahe Dam near Pierre, South Dakota, north to the Garrison Dam near Riverdale, North Dakota.

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Widespread Loss of Ocean Oxygen to Become Noticeable in 2030s

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A drop in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the oceans due to climate change is already discernible in some parts of the world and should be evident across large parts of the ocean between 2030 and 2040, according to a new study.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-May-2016 5:00 PM EDT

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Trauma in a Bee

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Entomologists of the universities of Jena and Kiel shed light on bizarre mating mechanisms of native twisted-winged parasites.

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Expert: When It Comes to Spring Allergies, Oak Pollen More Potent Than Pine

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New Grant Will Help Iowa State University Researchers to Explore Genetics of Stress Resistance in Corn

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A $2.1 million grant from the National Science Foundation will help ISU plant scientists build a better understanding of how corn plants deal with stress conditions. The research will focus on a delicate but vital process in plant cells called protein folding.

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Nanoparticles Present Sustainable Way to Grow Food Crops

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Scientists are working diligently to prepare for the expected increase in global population — and therefore an increased need for food production— in the coming decades. A team of engineers at Washington University in St. Louis has found a sustainable way to boost the growth of a protein-rich bean by improving the way it absorbs much-needed nutrients.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 5-May-2016 5:00 PM EDT

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Building on Shells: UGA Interdisciplinary Study Starts Unraveling Mysteries of Calusa Kingdom

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Centuries before modern countries such as Dubai and China started building islands, native peoples in southwest Florida known as the Calusa were piling shells into massive heaps to construct their own water-bound towns.