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The Scaled King and His Knight: 2 New Giant Bent-Toed Gecko Species From New Guinea

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The extremely complex geological history of New Guinea has allowed many of its animals and plants the chance to grow different enough to make a name for themselves. In the case of two newly described and unusually large gecko species - only a noble name would do. The two new species whose names respectively mean 'knight' and 'king' were discovered by a team led by Dr. Paul Oliver, The Australian National University and University of Melbourne, are described in the open-access journal ZooKeys.

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Scientists Say Window to Reduce Carbon Emissions Is Small

At the rate humans are emitting carbon into the atmosphere, the Earth may suffer irreparable damage that could last tens of thousands of years, according to a new analysis published this week.

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Tall Fescue and Fungal Endophyte Cooperation Varied

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Scientists hope to find “an ideal combination” of plant, endophyte, environment, and genetic interactions

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Estrogen, Antibiotics Persisted in Dairy Farm Waste After Advanced Treatment, Research Finds

An advanced system for treating manure on a commercial dairy farm did not remove estrogens and antibiotics. This new research underscores how far waste treatment systems have fallen behind the times, failing to remove chemicals used routinely in modern society.

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ATS Expert Can Comment on US Supreme Court's ruling of EPA’s clean power plan

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Plankton Communities Key to Carbon Reaching Safe Resting Spot, Ocean Study Reveals

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The ocean’s power to rein in carbon and protect the environment is vast but not well-understood. But now, an international team of scientists has begun to illuminate how the ocean plucks carbon from the atmosphere, where it contributes to global warming, and shuttles it to the bottom of the sea.

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Penguin Parents: Inability to Share Roles Increases Their Vulnerability to Climate Change

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Young penguins suffer at feeding time due to an inflexible division of parental duties.

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Climate Change Helps Bats to Spread Their Wings

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Study on Kuhl's pipistrelle shows why bats have moved across Europe since the 1980s.

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Healing the Soil

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Chicago’s history of industrialization and urbanization left its mark on the soil. Soil acts as a sponge, and can host contaminants for years. In Chicago, the waste from industrial manufacturing causes undesirable toxic organic chemicals, heavy metals, and other chemicals to linger in the soil. This can pose problems for the health of the humans and plants that inhabit the land years later. A non-profit youth development center hopes to repurpose lots into useful spaces for the community. However, the poor quality soils in the lots create challenges.

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Genetics Help Fish Thrive in Toxic Environments, Collaborative Study Finds

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A 10-year collaborative project led by biologists from Kansas State University and Washington State University has discovered how the Atlantic molly is able to live in toxic hydrogen sulfide water.

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Smart Cities Better Defined by New Research

Researchers at the University of Birmingham have identified a handful of key elements that define ‘smart cities’– cities like Singapore and Copenhagen, which are both at the top of their game in using technology to enable their citizens to enjoy a better quality of life, but in different ways.

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ND Expert: Supreme Court's Suspension of Clean Power Plan a Devastating Loss for Obama Administration

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Behind the Levees

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Flood risk can be higher with levees than without them.

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Musician-Scientists Host Climate Change Event

Playing off the emotions of music, scientists will help deepen understanding about climate change at Northwestern University. The program features a group of musician-scientists who will perform in a string quartet followed by a panel discussion on how music can help explain climate change.

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UF Receives $6.7 Million in Federal Funds to Fight Citrus Greening

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“Citrus greening has affected more than 75 percent of Florida citrus crops and threatens production all across the United States,” said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack. “The research and extension projects funded today bring us one step closer to providing growers real tools to fight this disease, from early detection to creating long-term solutions for the industry, producers and workers.”

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Secondary Tropical Forests Absorb Carbon at Higher Rate Than Old-Growth Forests

Researchers find that regenerated tropical forests exhibit a high level of resilience and play a much larger role in sequestering carbon than previously thought.

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Ocean Acidification Makes Coralline Algae Less Robust

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Ocean acidification (the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of CO2 from the atmosphere), is affecting the formation of the skeleton of coralline algae which play an important part in marine biodiversity, new research from the University of Bristol, UK has found.

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UT Researcher Urges Caution on 'Rewilding' to Restore Wild Spaces

Efforts to restore land back to its natural state by reintroducing wild animals has become increasingly popular in recent years. A study co-authored by Dan Simberloff, a researcher at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, said scientific evidence supporting the potential benefits of this form of restoration is limited at best.

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Long-Term Picture Offers Little Solace on Climate Change

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Climate change projections that look ahead one or two centuries show a rapid rise in temperature and sea level, but say little about the longer picture. Today (Feb. 8, 2016), a study published in Nature Climate Change looks at the next 10,000 years, and finds that the catastrophic impact of another three centuries of carbon pollution will persist millennia after the carbon dioxide releases cease.

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Researchers Create Synthetic Biopathway to Turn Agriculture Waste Into ‘Green’ Products

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Researchers at the University of Minnesota have engineered a new synthetic biopathway that can more efficiently and cost-effectively turn agricultural waste, like corn stover and orange peels, into a variety of useful products ranging from spandex to chicken feed.