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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Oct-2014 3:00 PM EDT

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Coping with Water Scarcity

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Southern California water agencies have turned to new pricing structures, expanded rebate programs and implemented other means to encourage their customers to reduce consumption. Some of those policies have greatly reduced per capita consumption, while others have produced mixed results.

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Impact of Invasive Species Varies with Latitude, Highlighting Need for Biogeographic Perspective on Invasions

In a large scale study of native and invasive Phargmites, researchers from URI and LSU found that the intensity of plant invasions by non-native species can vary considerably with changes in latitude.

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WVU Geography Professor Investigates Risks to North America's Largest and Rarest Bird

Planned wind turbine farms in California --- intended to create new, renewable energy resources --- are endangering the lives of rare birds of prey populations. A geography professor at West Virginia University is monitoring the birds' flight patterns to protect them and preserve the efforts to harvest wind energy.

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Phytoplankton as Carbon Pumps

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Phytoplankton blooms can fix as much carbon as an equivalent-size rainforest, but where does the carbon go when the bloom collapses? Three Weizmann Institute scientists – a marine microbiologist, a cloud physicist, and an oceanographer – investigate.

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When the Isthmus Is an Island: Madison’s Hottest, and Coldest, Spots

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In a new study published this month in the Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers highlight the urban heat island effect in Madison: The city’s concentrated asphalt, brick and concrete lead to higher temperatures than its nonurban surroundings.

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Climate Change Alters Cast of Winter Birds

Over the past two decades, the resident communities of birds that attend eastern North America’s backyard bird feeders in winter have quietly been remade, most likely as a result of a warming climate.

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A Global Natural Gas Boom Alone Won't Slow Climate Change

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A new analysis of global energy use, economics and the climate shows that expanding the current bounty of inexpensive natural gas alone would not slow the growth of global greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, according to a study appearing today in Nature.

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Dolphin 'Breathalyzer' Could Help Diagnose Animal and Ocean Health

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Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal. Scientists have been studying its possible use for diagnosing a wide range of conditions in humans — and now in the beloved bottlenose dolphin. In a report in the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry, one team describes a new instrument that can analyze the metabolites in breath from dolphins, which have been dying in alarming numbers along the Atlantic coast this year.

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Forest Service Says Buy Local Firewood to Prevent Spread of Invasive Beetle

An invasive beetle has spread to 22 states and could kill millions of Ash trees. A forest health specialist from the Kansas Forest Service encourages the use of local firewood to prevent the spread of Emerald Ash Borer.

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