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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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Organism Responsible for Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning May Affect Fisheries

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The toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium fundyense, is a photosynthetic plankton--a microscopic organism floating in the ocean, unable to swim against a current. New research by scientists at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UHM) School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) suggests that ingestion of this dinoflagellate changes the energy balance and reproductive potential of a particular copepod--a small crustacean--in the North Atlantic, which is key food source for young fishes, including many commercially important species.

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PNNL Helps Lead National Microbiome Initiative

Scientists Janet Jansson and Ljiljana Paša-Tolić are part of a core group of scientists leading a national effort to understand communities of microorganisms and their role in climate science, food production and human health.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-May-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Tiny Wasp Sniffs Out, Picks Up 'Good Vibrations' to Battle Ash Borer

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University of Delaware researchers are working to find solutions to fight the emerald ash borer, which is devastating ash tree populations throughout the United States.

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Small Offshore Oil Spills Put Seabirds at Risk: Industry Self-Monitoring Failing

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Seabirds exposed to even a dime-sized amount of oil can die of hypothermia in cold-water regions, but despite repeated requests by Environment Canada, offshore oil operators are failing when it comes to self-monitoring of small oil spills, says new research out of York University.

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How a Huge Landslide Shaped Zion National Park

A Utah mountainside collapsed 4,800 years ago in a gargantuan landslide known as a “rock avalanche,” creating the flat floor of what is now Zion National Park by damming the Virgin River to create a lake that existed for 700 years.

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Spring Snow a No-Go?

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Spring snowpack, relied on by ski resorts and water managers throughout the Western United States, may be more vulnerable to a warming climate in coming decades, according to a new University of Utah study.

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Cuing Environmental Responses in Fungi

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Sensory perception lies at the heart of adaptation to changing conditions, and helps fungi to improve growth and recycle organic waste, and to know when and how to infect a plant or animal host. New results from a comparative fungal genome analysis conducted by a DOE JGI-led team shed light on the evolution of sensory perception in fungi.

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Researchers Have Identified Critical Factors That Determine Drought Vulnerability of Wheat, Maize

Researchers led by Lixin Wang, assistant professor of earth sciences in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, have identified critical information about the environmental variables and agronomic factors that determine the vulnerability of maize and wheat production to drought.

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Long-Awaited National U.S. Study Finds Increased Cancer from Cell Phones

The renowned U.S. National Toxicology Program finds the same rare cancers of the brain and heart that occur more often in heavy cellphone users are also increased in experimental animals. This preliminary report should ring alarm bells around the world.

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UF/IFAS Study Could Help Cities Improve Tree Planting

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Through their research, scientists developed thresholds of impervious surface around planting sites. In other words, they defined points at which the amount of pavement around a tree reduces its condition. Using these established levels of impervious surface, landscape architects and other landscape professionals can plant trees in a way that reduces pest damage and economic loss.

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Potential Whitefly Outbreak Threatens Florida Landscapes and Crops

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The Q-biotype whitefly, a significant tropical and subtropical pest, may threaten Florida crops such as tomatoes, squash, beans, watermelons and many other vegetables and ornamentals if immediate measures are not taken to prevent its spread.

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Researchers Identify Top Products to Repel Mosquitoes

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Wildfire -- It's Not Spreading Like Wildfire

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A new analysis of global data related to wildfire, published by the Royal Society, reveals major misconceptions about wildfire and its social and economic impacts.

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Saving Nemo: Bleaching Threatens Clownfish

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Clownfish became a household name over a decade ago when Disney released the movie “Finding Nemo.” The colorful fish are now at risk due to bleaching of their sea anemone homes in the Indo-Pacific, which has increased due to rising ocean temperatures. University of Delaware researcher Danielle Dixson has co-authored a paper demonstrating how vulnerable clownfish are to the increased frequency of bleaching events.

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A 100 Million-Year Partnership on the Brink of Extinction

A symbiotic relationship that has existed since the time of the dinosaurs is at risk of ending, as habitat loss and environmental change mean that a species of Australian crayfish and the tiny worms that depend on them are both at serious risk of extinction.

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Society of Toxicology (SOT) Commends US Congress on the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act

For the last several years, an SOT Task Force has been serving as a resource to members of Congress working on a bill for chemical safety reform. The compromise bill being voted on this week by the US Congress "will protect public health for years to come," says SOT leadership.

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Many Unknown Chemicals in the Baltic Sea

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The researchers examined data from research and monitoring reports from the years 2000-2012, to see what chemicals have been analysed in Baltic Sea fish.

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Rutgers Scientists Help Create World’s Largest Coral Gene Database

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Coral reefs – stunning, critical habitats for an enormous array of prized fish and other species – have survived five major extinction events over the last 250 million years. Now, an international team of scientists led by Rutgers faculty has conducted the world’s most comprehensive analysis of coral genes, focusing on how their evolution has allowed corals to interact with and adapt to the environment. A second study led by Rutgers researchers with colleagues at the University of Hawaii shows – for the first time – how stony corals create their hard skeletons, using proteins as key ingredients.