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Where the Rains Come From, Glowing Crystals Can Detect Contaminated Drinking Water, 'Polarons' and More in the DOE Science News Source

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Birmingham and Indian Scientists Meet to Investigate Air Pollution Causes

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Scientists at the University of Birmingham are in Delhi and working with their Indian counterparts to help young researchers better understand the causes, sources and effects of pollution in India and the UK.

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Climate Science

Exploring the Fate of the Earth's Storehouse of Carbon

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A new study predicts that warming temperatures will contribute to the release into the atmosphere of carbon that has long been locked up securely in the coldest reaches of our planet.Soil and climate expert Katherine Todd-Brown of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an author of the study, which was led by researchers at Yale.

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Climate, Climate Change, Weather, Storm Forecasts, Flood, Climate Policy

Climate Change Will Drive Stronger, Smaller Storms in U.S., New Modeling Approach Forecasts

The effects of climate change will likely cause smaller but stronger storms in the United States, according to a new framework for modeling storm behavior. Though storm intensity is expected to increase over today’s levels, the predicted reduction in storm size may alleviate some fears of widespread severe flooding in the future.

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Tornado, Thunderstorms, Weather, Climate Change, Outbreaks, Meteorological, Insurance, wind shear

Increasing Tornado Outbreaks—Is Climate Change Responsible?

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In a new study, Columbia Engineering researchers looked at increasing trends in the severity of tornado outbreaks where they measured severity by the number of tornadoes per outbreak. They found that these trends are increasing fastest for the most extreme outbreaks.

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Lakes, Limnology, Pollution, Agriculture, Runoff, Weather

Study Shows Many Lakes Getting Murkier, but Gives Hope for Improvement

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A study of more than 5,000 Wisconsin lakes shows that nearly a quarter of them have become murkier in the past two decades. It also shows this trend could get worse as a changing climate leads to increased precipitation.

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Atmospheric Science, Weather, Thunderstorms, Climate Modeling, Great Plains, Midwest, Rain, Precipitation

Where the Rains Come From

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Intense storms have become more frequent and longer-lasting in the Great Plains and Midwest in the last 35 years. What has fueled these storms? The temperature difference between the Southern Great Plains and the Atlantic Ocean produces winds that carry moisture from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Plains, according to a new study in Nature Communications.

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soil, Foundation, Construction, Building, Infrastructure

Building From the Ground Up

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The wise person builds on a solid foundation. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) December 1st Soils Matter blog post explains what goes into deciding soil’s suitability for a construction project.

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Kansas State University, K-State, KSU, Sandercock, Arctic, Shorebird, nes, bird, biological rhythms, Wildlife

Feathered Fathers and Mothers Have Diverse Parenting Arrangements, According to Research in Nature

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Birds of a feather flock together but they schedule parenting duties differently. Kansas State University researchers are part of an international team of ornithologists who have published a study in Nature about how mated pairs of wild shorebirds have established diverse schedules for parental care of the nest.

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animal tracking, acoustic beamforming, Conservation, Observation, Mojave Ground Squirrels, Dean L. Hawthorne, William Horn, Cornell University, Coherent Technical Services, Inc., Edwards Air Force Base, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA, Acoustics

Tracking Terrestrial Animals

What does the detection of enemy planes during WWI have to do with locating endangered Mojave Ground Squirrels? They both benefit from a technique called acoustic beamforming which uses multiple devices to find the point of intersection and pinpoint location. A team of researchers is developing a system using this WWI-era technology to detect and locate endangered Mojave Ground Squirrels on Edwards Air Force Base. They aim to assess populations and any impact the base's activities may be having on the population.

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Marine Life, Tracking, acoustic monitoring, autonomous recorder, microphones, Vocalizations, Glider, Selen Fregosi, Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies, Oregon State University, National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA, Acoustics

"Mic Check" for Marine Mammals

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Hearing is a vital sense for marine mammals who use it to forage, communicate and navigate. Many of these mammals produce specific vocalizations that can be used to identify the species and track their locations via acoustic monitoring. Traditionally, scientists have used underwater microphones to listen for marine mammals, either on the seafloor or towed behind a boat. But now scientists can use autonomous underwater vehicles, gliders and floats specially equipped with hydrophones, to listen to marine mammals in ways impossible until now.

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Biology, Biotechnology, Roundup, Herbicide Resistance, Ecology and Environment

Shifts in Mating Strategies Help Herbicide-Resistant 'Superweeds' Persist

Herbicide-resistant "superweeds" change their mating strategies over time, an evolutionary shift that helps them hold onto valuable genes and outcompete other plants, according to a new study from University of Michigan researchers.

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Learning Makes Animals Intelligent

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Researchers at Stockholm University and Brooklyn College have combined knowledge from the fields of artificial intelligence, ethology and the psychology of learning to solve several problems concerning the behaviour and intelligence of animals.

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CORN, Fertilizer, Agriculture, soil nutrients, Economic

The Economy of Cold Soil Blues

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For many farmers, in-furrow starter application is a cheaper alternative to other starter fertilizers. New research suggests it does not provide an economic benefit in most situations, however.

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Robert Korty, Robert Kor, Climate Change, Global Warming, Environment

6,000 Years Ago The Sahara Desert Was Tropical, So What Happened?

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As little as 6,000 years ago, the vast Sahara Desert was covered in grassland that received plenty of rainfall, but shifts in the world’s weather patterns abruptly transformed the vegetated region into some of the driest land on Earth.

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Chaos, Information, collective dynamics

Synchronized Swimming: How Startled Fish Shoals Effectively Evade Danger

As panic spreads, an entire shoal (collective) of fish responds to an incoming threat in a matter of seconds, seemingly as a single body, to change course and evade a threatening predator. Within those few seconds, the panic-infused information – more technically known as the startle response – spreads through the collective, warning fish within the group that would otherwise have no way to detect such a threat. The ways in which this information spreads and the role played by position dynamics may help us better plan for emergencies.

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New South Pole Solar Observatory in Antarctica, Impact of Wind Energy on Wildlife, A Better Way to Prepare for Devastating Storms, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

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Droplet, Cloud, cloud chamber, Aerosol, Climate, drizzle drop

Cloud in a Box: Mixing Aerosols and Turbulence

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In research conducted in Michigan Tech’s cloud chamber, Physics Professors Raymond Shaw, Will Cantrell and colleagues found that cleaner clouds also have a much wider variability in droplet size. And the way those droplets form could have serious implications for weather and climate change.

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Veterinary Medicine, Cattle Disease, Ruminant, Campylobacter Jejuni, Campylobacter

Iowa State University Researchers Detail What Makes Costly Ruminant Bacteria So Infectious

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An Iowa State University veterinary research team has discovered the specific genetic mutations that make Campylobacter jejuni such a virulent strain of bacteria in ruminant animals such as sheep and cattle. The research could lead to a vaccine or new ways to control the bacteria.

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Biomass Heating Could Get a 'Green' Boost with the Help of Fungi

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In colder weather, people have long been warming up around campfires and woodstoves. Lately, this idea of burning wood or other biomass for heat has surged in popularity as an alternative to using fossil fuels. Now, in the journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, scientists report a step toward a "greener" way to generate heat with biomass. Rather than burning it, which releases pollutants, they let fungi break it down to release heat.







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