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New Strategy to Lower Blood Sugar May Help in Diabetes Treatment​

Working in mice, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis showed they could reduce glucose production in the liver and lower blood sugar levels. They did so by shutting down a liver protein involved in making glucose, an approach that may help treat type 2 diabetes.

Science

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Image-Tracking Technology Helps Scientists Observe Nature v. Nurture in Neural Stem Cells

One of the longstanding debates in science, that has, perhaps unsurprisingly, permeated into the field of stem cell research, is the question of nature versus nurture influencing development. Science on stem cells thus far, has suggested that, as one side of the existential debate holds: their fate is not predestined. But new research from the Neural Stem Cell Institute and Drexel University suggests that the cells’ tabula might not be as rasa as we have been led to believe.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Campus Safety Survey Reveals Student Perceptions and Experiences

University of Kentucky President Eli Capilouto and Diane Follingstad, director of the UK Center for Research on Violence Against Women, unveiled preliminary results from a campus-wide survey of students. Campus Attitudes Toward Safety (CATS) found that most students believe UK is safe, but that too many remain reluctant to report sexual assaults. UK officials believe the university is among the first in the country to undertake a mandatory campus-wide survey regarding sexual assault and campus climate.

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Reward, Aversion Behaviors Activated Through Same Brain Pathways

New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis may help explain why drug treatments for addiction and depression don’t work for some patients. The conditions are linked to reward and aversion responses in the brain. And the research suggests that some treatments simultaneously stimulate reward and aversion responses, resulting in a net zero effect.

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Scientists Discover Key Clues in Turtle Evolution

A team led by NYIT Assistant Professor Gaberiel Bever has determined that Eunotosaurus africanus is the earliest known branch of the turtle tree of life

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Scientists See Motor Neurons ‘Walking’ in Real Time

The new approach shows how cells in the spinal cord synchronize many neurons at once to allow complex movements, which could have implications for treating spinal cord injuries and diseases

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Texas A&M Technology Transforms Cell Phone Into High-Powered Microscope

New technology that transforms a cell phone into a powerful, mobile microscope could significantly improve malaria diagnoses and treatment in developing countries lacking the resources to address the life-threatening disease, says a Texas A&M University biomedical engineer who has created the tool.

Life

Pop Culture

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American Treasure Found!

The only known manuscript of “Good Morning to All,” which evolved into the world-famous “Happy Birthday” song, was recently uncovered in the music archives at the University of Louisville.The 1890s manuscript was found in forgotten file cabinet after more than 60 years.

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Genetic Landscape Can Impact Treatment for Children with Rare, Aggressive Cancer

For children with rare, aggressive and advanced cancer, precision medicine may help doctors determine their best treatment options, a new study finds. Using information from a patient’s entire genome helped suggest personalized treatment options for nearly half of children with cancer, and led to specific treatment changes in a quarter of these patients.

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A Healthy Family Starts At Home And It Starts With You

The American Heart Association wants families to feel they can, and are fully equipped to, make healthy choices in the home and within their everyday activities – without throwing schedules completely off or leaving wallets empty.

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FSU Scientist Solves 20-Year-Old Cave Diving Mystery

Scientists have solved a decades-old geological mystery into what caused the death of a Florida cave diver.

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“Bacterial Litmus Test” Provides Inexpensive Measurement of Micronutrients

A bacterium engineered to produce different pigments in response to varying levels of a micronutrient in blood samples could give health officials an inexpensive way to detect nutritional deficiencies in resource-limited areas of the world.

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Nation’s Researchers Team Up to Improve, Protect Roses

People should be able to stop and smell the roses, not spray them, said Dr. David Byrne, Texas A&M AgriLife Research rose breeder in College Station. Byrne is part of two national specialty crop research projects aimed at toughening up roses’ ability to ward off diseases and other pestilences. He cited surveys in which the gardening public said the No. 1 desired trait is disease resistance.

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Gene Leads to Nearsightedness When Kids Read

Vision researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have discovered a gene that causes myopia, but only in people who spend a lot of time in childhood reading or doing other “nearwork.”

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VT Researchers Approved for $18.5 Million Study on Integration of Behavioral Health & Primary Care

A five-year Vermont-led study of 30 practices and up to 2000 patients nationwide will examine whether outcomes improve when behavioral care is integrated into primary care.

Medicine

Life

Education

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Back to School is Getting Healthier

From American Heart Association News: U.S. schools have significantly improved school nutrition practices and should continue striving to provide a quality nutrition environment for students.

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The DNA Damage Response Goes Viral: A Way in for New Cancer Treatments

Salk researchers show how DNA repair proteins sound the alarm to threats, pointing to a novel cancer therapy

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Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Cardiologists Perform Melody Heart Valve Implant in Child Actor Max Page, the Little Darth Vader in the 2011 VW Super Bowl Commercial

Cardiologists from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles successfully implanted a Melody Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve in child actor Max Page, the boy who made headlines playing mini Darth Vader in a 2011 Super Bowl ad for Volkswagen. On Tuesday, Sept. 1, Max will have a procedure at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles to replace his pacemaker pulse generator. It will be his second operation in 34 days.

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Saving Lives Using New Stent Graft Design

Patients suffering from aneurysms that extend from their chest into their groin may be helped by a new stent graft, thanks to collaboration between Sanford Health and South Dakota State University. Mechanical engineering associate professor Stephen Gent’s fluid flow modeling “helped validate that the configuration is delivering more well developed blood flow with the design,” according to Sanford Health vascular surgeon Pat Kelly.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Are You a Nomophobe?

Iowa State University researchers have developed a questionnaire to help you determine if you suffer from nomophobia or a fear of being without your mobile phone.