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Diversification Key to Resilient Fishing Communities

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Fishing communities can survive ― and even thrive ― as fish abundance and market prices shift if they can catch a variety of species and nimbly move from one fishery to the next, a new University of Washington study finds.

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UF/IFAS Experts to Stress Environment, Immigration, Production at AG Policy Conference

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“Our goal is to bring industry experts, researchers, policy and business leaders together to discuss the current and emerging challenges related to Florida as an engine of innovation, policy related to food, nutrition and consumer decision making, water quality and management, agricultural labor and the prospects for our fruit and vegetable industry.” -- Spiro Stefanou, chair of the UF/IFAS food and resource economics department.

Science

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soil, Biology, Ecosystem, Australia, shrublands, Montreal, Ecology, Science (magazine), soil biota, plant species

Why Are Australia’s Shrublands Like ‘Knee-High Tropical Rainforests’?

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A new UdeM study of the flora "Down Under" breaks new ground by showing that soil biota play an important role in the maintenance of plant diversity in species-rich ecosystems.

Science

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Climate Change, soil, Carbon, Austrailia

Changing Climate Changes Soils

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In a new study, researchers used digital techniques to predict how one vital soil characteristic, soil organic carbon, may be altered by climate change.

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UF/IFAS Researchers Show Potential Market for Locally Grown Asian Vegetables

Asian-Americans in three East Coast states, including Florida, yearn for more of their native vegetables, and those crops can be grown in the East, say two University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researchers.

Science

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Strawberries, Fruit, locally grown foods, Horticulture, local food, K-State, Kansas State University, KSU

Research Looks at Growing More Nutritional, Flavorful Strawberries in Kansas

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A doctoral student at K-State Olathe, completed a series of studies focused on helping Kansas growers produce more strawberries in the state — particularly Greater Kansas City.

Science

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Review of Scientific Instruments, Nature Photonics, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, spiral light, Light, Molecules, Linac Coherent Light Source, LCLS , X-Ray, xray, Xrays, delta undulator, Chiral, chiral molecules, Agriculture, Agricultural Chemicals And Pathogens, Pharmaceticals, Pharmaceucticals, Drugs, Chirality, Polarization, Polarized Light

Spinning the (X-ray) Light Fantastic

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For the first time, X-ray scientists have access to wavelength-tunable circularly polarized free-electron laser pulses in the range between 280 and 1200 eV. Several types of experiments can benefit from the short and intense pulses.

Science

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Algae, Biofuel, Alternative Energy, Ecology, Environment

Species Diversity Reduces Chances of Crop Failure in Algal Biofuel Systems

When growing algae in outdoor ponds as a next-generation biofuel, a naturally diverse mix of species will help reduce the chance of crop failure, according to a federally funded study by University of Michigan researchers.

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Longtime Duda Executive Named UF/IFAS Champion for 2016

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Hugh English helped launch southwest Florida’s fledgling citrus industry. He started his career as a citrus grove manager at A. Duda & Sons in 1965, and through his work, English began many citrus research and Extension demonstrations in the Duda groves. He retired in 2001 as a corporate vice president.

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UF/IFAS Researcher to Lead $1 Million Study to Increase Global Wheat Production

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Md Ali Babar, a UF/IFAS agronomy assistant professor and his team of researchers, hope to increase the harvest index from 45 to 60 percent, which translates to much more wheat. The harvest index quantifies a crop’s yield versus the amount of biomass – shoots and roots – that it produces.

Science

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Food Waste, Sustainability, Composting, Landfills

Worries About Food Waste Appear to Vanish When Diners Know Scraps Go to Compost

Diners waste far less food when they’re schooled on the harm their leftovers can inflict on the environment. But if they know the food is going to be composted instead of dumped in a landfill, the educational benefit disappears.

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Learn More About Florida’s Water Resources with New UF/IFAS Website

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Are you concerned about how your water tastes? Do you want to know how much you use, or whether we’ll have enough water for the next generation? A new UF/IFAS website links users with UF/IFAS programs on how to preserve and, perhaps improve the quantity and quality of water in Florida.

Science

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soil, ice, Winter, Safety

Putting Sidewalks on Low-Sodium Diet

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Wintry weather can pack a slippery punch. While use of salt on roads and sidewalks can return surfaces to a safer status, too much salt can have long-term effects on soil. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) January 1 Soils Matter blog post explains how too much salt reduces soils’ ability to retain plant nutrients and water, and damage soil structure.

Science

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Cowpeas, crop breeding, Genome, black-eyed peas, Food Security

A Library for Food Security

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Researchers are uncovering the genome of cowpeas, also known as black-eyed peas, in response to challenging growing conditions and the need for food security.

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2016’s Top 10 UF/IFAS Extension Publications Cover Snakes, Avocados, Vegetable Gardening, More

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Faculty at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences write Extension documents that bring top-notch, science-based information to the public for free. Topics cover myriad issues from reptiles to rivers and from crops to food safety. These documents are found on a website, www.edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

Science

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Agriculture, ARPA-E

Berkeley Lab Awarded $4.6 Million for Transformational Agriculture Technologies

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ARPA-E has awarded Berkeley Lab $4.6 million for two projects to “see” into the soil and ultimately develop crops that take carbon out of the atmosphere. One technology aims to use electrical current to image the root system. The other will use neutron scattering to measure the distribution of carbon and other elements in the soil.

Science

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Fralin Life Science Institute, Nature Microbiology, soil, Microbial, Biology (Ecology/Environment)

Scientists Zero in on Biological Diversity in ‘Poor Man’s Rainforest’

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Leftover DNA from dead organisms -- known as "relic DNA" -- has historically thrown a wrench into estimates, causing scientists to overestimate microbial diversity by as much as 55 percent.

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When Horses Are in Trouble They Ask Humans for Help

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Research Fellow Monamie RINGHOFER and Associate Professor Shinya YAMAMOTO (Kobe University Graduate School of Intercultural Studies) have proved that when horses face unsolvable problems they use visual and tactile signals to get human attention and ask for help. The study also suggests that horses alter their communicative behavior based on humans' knowledge of the situation. These findings were published in the online version of Animal Cognition on November 24.

Science

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soil, Ecosystem, Ecosystem Services

Hard-Working Soil Provides Year-Round Gifts

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Plants need the nutrients of soil to grow. The Earth’s creatures need homes to live. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) December 15th Soils Matter blog post explains how soil provides these and other services.

Science

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Hurricane, Forecast, Power, Outage, Utilities, soil, Moisture, SMAP

How Soil Moisture Can Help Predict Power Outages Caused by Hurricanes

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In the days before Hurricane Matthew, researchers used satellite maps of soil moisture to help forecast where the power would go out along the East Coast.At the American Geophysical Union meeting this week, they report that their method worked with 91 percent accuracy.







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