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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 6:00 AM EDT

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Weed Stems Ripe for Biofuel

A weedy plant found on the roadside in northern Australia has stems ripe for biofuel production. Scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Cell Walls at the University of Adelaide have discovered that a variety of sorghum growing wild in Australia, Arun, has the potential to yield over 10,000 litres of bioethanol per hectare per year.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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PNNL Helps Lead National Microbiome Initiative

Scientists Janet Jansson and Ljiljana Paša-Tolić are part of a core group of scientists leading a national effort to understand communities of microorganisms and their role in climate science, food production and human health.

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Tiny Wasp Sniffs Out, Picks Up 'Good Vibrations' to Battle Ash Borer

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University of Delaware researchers are working to find solutions to fight the emerald ash borer, which is devastating ash tree populations throughout the United States.

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Researchers Have Identified Critical Factors That Determine Drought Vulnerability of Wheat, Maize

Researchers led by Lixin Wang, assistant professor of earth sciences in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, have identified critical information about the environmental variables and agronomic factors that determine the vulnerability of maize and wheat production to drought.

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UF/IFAS Study Could Help Cities Improve Tree Planting

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Through their research, scientists developed thresholds of impervious surface around planting sites. In other words, they defined points at which the amount of pavement around a tree reduces its condition. Using these established levels of impervious surface, landscape architects and other landscape professionals can plant trees in a way that reduces pest damage and economic loss.

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Potential Whitefly Outbreak Threatens Florida Landscapes and Crops

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The Q-biotype whitefly, a significant tropical and subtropical pest, may threaten Florida crops such as tomatoes, squash, beans, watermelons and many other vegetables and ornamentals if immediate measures are not taken to prevent its spread.

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Following Tricky Triclosan

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Most U.S. homes are full of familiar household products with an ingredient that fights bacteria: triclosan. Most of the triclosan is removed in waste water treatment plants. However, a U.S. Geological Survey found the antibacterial in nearly 58% of freshwater streams. What does that mean for the food and soil irrigated with water from streams?

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New Water-Quality Data on Impact of Corn, Soybeans on Nitrate in Iowa Streams

As Iowa farmers have planted more acres of corn to meet the demand driven by the corn-based ethanol industry, many models predicted that nitrate concentrations in Iowa streams would increase accordingly. However, recent IIHR research based on water monitoring and published in the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation casts doubt on these predictions.

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Optics Breakthrough to Revamp Night Vision

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A breakthrough by an Australian collaboration of researchers could make infra-red technology easy-to-use and cheap, potentially saving millions of dollars in defence and other areas using sensing devices, and boosting applications of technology to a host of new areas, such as agriculture.

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A Peachy Defense System for Seeds

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Don't eat the core, it's poisonous: it's something parents often say to their children before they eat their first peach. Peach pits, which are hidden inside the nut-like husk, do in fact contain amygdalin, a substance which can degrade into hydrogen cyanide in the stomach.

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A Rallying Call for Microbiome Science National Data Management

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Massive amounts of data require infrastructure to manage and store the information in a manner than can be easily accessed for use. In a paper published May 16, 2016 in Trends in Microbiology, DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers call for the formation of a National Microbiome Data Center to efficiently manage the datasets accumulated globally.

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Ivy’s Powerful Grasp Could Lead to Better Medical Adhesives, Stronger Battle Armor

English ivy’s natural glue might hold the key to new approaches to wound healing, stronger armor for the military and maybe even cosmetics with better staying power.

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Can Legumes Solve Environmental Issues?

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It's a win-win situation for the environment and the economy when it comes to introducing legumes into agricultural systems, says new research published in Frontiers in Plant Science, carried out by an international team of scientists as part of the European Union project, Legume Futures.

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5 Ways Scientists Can Make Soil Less Dirty

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A primer on 5 remediation methods scientists can use to pull contaminants out of soil and groundwater.

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Ambrosia Beetle Spreads Dangerous Avocado Pathogen

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As the laurel wilt pathogen casts a cloud over the $100-million-a-year Florida avocado industry, University of Florida researchers continue to look for clues to prevent the pathogen from spreading.

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Genetic Engineering Report Findings Supported by Crop, Agronomy Societies

The recent NAS report on genetically engineered crops aligns with statements from Agronomy and Crop Societies: Scientific research overwhelmingly shows GE crops are safe and pose no significant health or environmental risks.

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Hamburg, Shalala, Glickman, Angell Headline Food Law Conference at Georgetown University

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Former FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg, Clinton Foundation President and former U.S. Secretary of Health Donna E. Shalala, former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman, and Sonia Angell, deputy commissioner for the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene headline a unique conference focused on food issues, “Vote Food 2016: Better Food, Better Health,” on June 3 in Washington, DC.

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City of Second Chance Soils

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Once the world's largest steel working mill, Steelworkers Park in Chicago has become the proving grounds for rehabilitating unforgiving slag with biosolids and dredged sediments.