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Science

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Deforestation, Cocoa, Bioscience, Amazon, illegal drugs, Ecology

Contrary to Popular Belief – Coca Not the Driving Force of Deforestation, Report Reveals

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Most of the world’s coca—the plant source of cocaine—grows in the Amazon forests of the Andean countries of Colombia, Peru and Bolivia, where many think this illicit crop causes deforestation. However, a team led by Stony Brook University Professor of Ecology and Evolution Liliana M. Dávalos, shows most deforestation isn’t caused by coca cultivation. In fact, the study, published in Bioscience, found that deforestation and coca both share a common origin in the implementation of an infrastructure plan from the 1960s to open the Amazon frontier through road construction and development projects.

Medicine

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Enzyme, S. scabies, scabies, potato scabs, toxin removal, 5naa, 5NAA-A, thaxtomin, Pollutants, Bradyrhizobium , Bacteria, Nature Chemical Biology, aminohydrolase, protein crystals, Protein Crystallography, Metalloproteases, Teacher, STEM awards, STEM careers

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Oct-2016 11:00 AM EDT

Science

Business

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Insects, invasive pests, cost analysis, Ecology, Agriculture, Forestry

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-Oct-2016 5:00 AM EDT

Science

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Agriculture, Soil Science, Environment, Human Health, Environmental Health

One Health Environmental Program Topic of Symposium

Agriculture and soil science fit with environmental health

Science

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fracking, fracking wastewater, Brine, soil, North Dakota, salt, Environment

Solution Blooming for Fracking Spills?

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Wastewater from oil drilling and hydraulic fracturing – or fracking – is often laden with salts and can spill, contaminating soils. In a recent study, researchers at North Dakota State University tested a method that extracted a large percentage of the salt present in soils contaminated by brine spills.

Science

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guiliang tang, Michigan Tech, GUIDE-seq, CRISPR-Cas9, Gene Editing, Plant Science, DNA, Dna Damage

GUIDE-Seq: Genetic Duct Tape and DNA Damage

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GUIDE-Seq technology observes DNA damages and speeds the detection of DNA repair. "Without DNA repairing, we wouldn't be able to survive," says Guiliang Tang, a professor of biological sciences at Michigan Tech who helped lead a new study exploring how the technology could improve the detection of DNA damage and repair processes in plants.

Science

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Frankfurter Fraud: Finding Out What's in Your Hot Dog

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Hot dogs are the perfect summer fare. But knowing for sure what you're getting inside a bun can be difficult. Now scientists have devised a method that could help prevent frankfurter fraud, which is especially important for those who can't eat certain types of meats. They report their approach in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Science

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HEMP, cropping systems, Agriculture, agricultural innovation, Fiber, crop productivity

Multi-Disciplinary Innovation for Fiber Topic of Symposium

High value cropping systems to be discussed

Science

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Plant Biology, Plant Development, Plant hormones, Crop engineering, Yeast, Plant Genetics

Researchers Modify Yeast to Show How Plants Respond to a Key Hormone

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Researchers at the University of Washington have developed a novel toolkit based on modified yeast cells to tease out how plant genes and proteins respond to auxin, the most ubiquitous plant hormone. Their system allowed them to decode auxin's basic effects on a diverse family of plant genes.

Science

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winter wheat breeding, yield gains, Disease Resistance, Oahe winter wheat, South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota Wheat Commission, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Wheat Barley Scab Initiative, South Dakota State University

New Winter Wheat Variety Offers High Yields, Disease Resistance

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High yields and an excellent disease resistance package—these are qualities producers can expect from Oahe, the new winter wheat cultivar released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. From 2013 to 2015, Oahe ranked No. 1 in mean grain yield among hard red winter wheat trials in the North Regional Performance Nurseries, which has test plots from northern Kansas through Montana and into Canada.

Science

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Agriculture, Farmers, Fungal Infections, millet, Africa, South Asia, Plant Science

U of G Discovery May Benefit Farmers Worldwide

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University of Guelph plant scientists have shown for the first time how an ancient crop teams up with a beneficial microbe to protect against a devastating fungal infection, a discovery that may benefit millions of subsistence farmers and livestock in developing countries.

Science

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Agriculture, Climate Change, carbon, Carbon Sequestration, Greenhouse Gas, Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Counting Carbon on the Farm Topic of Symposium

Several solutions adaptable by agricultural systems to be discussed

Science

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How a Native Plant Ended Up on Reality TV, and Why It’s at Risk

In one of television’s more bizarre recent offerings, the History Channel show “Appalachian Outlaws” follows a band of West Virginians as they hunt rugged forests for American ginseng, a medicinal root worth hundreds of dollars per pound. The show has high stakes: These men poach on federal lands, risking fines and jail time, and guard private patches with shotguns and homemade land mines. Most of them are out of work, out of savings and worried about paying for food and heat. Ginseng gives them a way to get by.

Science

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Fralin Life Science Institute, CRISPR-Cas9, PLoS ONE

New Study of CRISPR-Cas9 Technology Shows Potential to Improve Crop Efficiency

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A team's finding that CRISPR-Cas9 is a reliable method for multi-gene editing of this particular plant species was published in PLOS ONE on Sept. 13.

Business

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UF/IFAS Report: Florida Agriculture, Natural Resources Employment Up 29 Percent in 13 Years

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About 1.56 million people worked full- or part-time in Florida's agriculture, natural resources and food industries in 2014, an increase of about 40,000 workers from 2013, and nearly 29 percent from 2001.

Science

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MARS, Space, space habitation, mars habitation, pedology, astropedology, Extraterrestrial Life, Extraterrestrial, effects of gravity on plants, Gravity, Space Travel, Agriculture, Crop Science, Soil Science

Space Agriculture Topic of Symposium

New frontiers of soil and plant sciences may grow crops in space

Science

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intercropping, Legume, Grass, Forage, crop failure

Intercropping: Intersection of Soil Health, Production

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Plant diversity in intercropping leads to more diversity below ground too. Researchers work to find the right combination for optimal crop and soil performance.

Science

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Long-term data, vegetation change, landscape change

3-D Animated Video Simulates Landscape Changes Over 150 Years

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A college student designed a 3-D animated video that simulates landscape and vegetation changes on New Mexico’s Jornada Basin from the 1850s to the present.

Science

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Climate Change, Crops, Wheat, Maize, rice, University of Birmingham, UK, Dr Tom Pugh

Climate Change Means Land Use Will Need to Change to Keep Up with Global Food Demand, Say Scientists

A team of researchers led by the University of Birmingham warns that without significant improvements in technology, global crop yields are likely to fall in the areas currently used for production of the world’s three major cereal crops, forcing production to move to new areas.

Science

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salt tolerance, Plant Biology, Plant Breeding, salt transport, sodium transport, Agriculture, Crops

Breakthrough in Salt-Tolerance in Plants Research

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University of Adelaide researchers have made a breakthrough in investigating salt tolerance in plants which could lead to new salt tolerant varieties of crops, and also answer unresolved questions in plant biology.







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