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Medicine

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Mycology, Addiction, Liver, Hepatology, Alcohol, alcoholic liver disease, Alcoholism, Microbiome, Fungi, Antifungal

Intestinal Fungi Worsen Alcoholic Liver Disease

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Liver cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of mortality worldwide and approximately half of those deaths are due to alcohol abuse. Yet apart from alcohol abstinence, there are no specific treatments to reduce the severity of alcohol-associated liver disease. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) have linked intestinal fungi to increased risk of death for patients with alcohol-related liver disease.

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Breast Cancer, Cancer Prevention, Anne McTiernan

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-May-2017 12:05 AM EDT

Medicine

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Exposure, Taste Nerves, Nervous System, Alcohol Addiction, Alcohol Abuse, Alcoholism, Alcohol Taste, Adolescence, Teenagers

Exposure to Alcohol Before Birth May Make Drinking More Appealing to Teens

A new study suggests that fetal alcohol exposure (FAE) reduces the taste system’s responsiveness to the bitter flavor and burning sensation of many varieties of alcoholic beverages. These factors make alcohol unappealing to some people, but, for reasons that are unclear, are less of a deterrent in young people exposed to alcohol before birth.

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Body Donations, A-Fib Scores, Prostate Cancer Screenings, and More in the Healthcare News Source

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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neighborhood environment, Alcohol Use

Where You Live May Impact How Much You Drink

Neighborhoods with greater poverty and disorganization may play a greater role in problem drinking than the availability of bars and stores that sell hard liquor, a University of Washington-led study has found.

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Thirsty Seeds, Strawberry Mythbusters, Sugar or Protein, and More in the Food Science News Source

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Science

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Startle Response, eye blink reflex, defensive measure, emotional processing, Alcohol Problems, Alcohol Use Disorder, clinical marker, reward motivation

The Blink of an Eye May Predict Risk for Alcohol Problems

The startle response, often recorded as an eye-blink reflex, is a defensive measure believed to reflect emotional processing. Patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) show abnormal startle-reflex responses to alcohol-related stimuli. This study examined startle-reflex responses to various visual stimuli among heavy drinkers, and assessed whether certain patterns predict the development of AUDs four years later.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Bullying, Adolescence, Depression, Alcohol, Marijuana, Healthcare, Psychology, Human Development

Bullying's Lasting Impact

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A new study led by the University of Delaware found that kids who are bullied in fifth grade often suffer from depression and begin using alcohol and other substances years after the initial incidents.

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End of School Lunch Guidelines, New Anti-Rejection Drug, Fasting Diets, and More in the Obesity News Source

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Cocaine, Prenatal, Crack Cocaine, Addiction, Drugs, Alcohol, Drug Abuse

Prenatal Cocaine Exposure Increases Risk of Higher Teen Drug Use, Trouble Coping with Stress and Likelihood of Addiction

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Mothers smoking crack cocaine during pregnancy—and its lingering effects on their children—are the focus of 20-plus years of ongoing research by Case Western Reserve University







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