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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jan-2017 2:00 PM EST

Science

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A Quark Like No Other, Biophysics Plays Key Role in Immune System Signaling and Response, ALMA Reveals Sun in New Light, and MORE in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

Medicine

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Sinusitis, Otolaryngology, Clinical Trial

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Jan-2017 7:00 AM EST

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Social Environment, Health, mice

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 25-Jan-2017 2:00 PM EST

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Jan-2017 3:00 PM EST

Medicine

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Tau Tangles, tau, Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, Tauopathy, Oligonucleotides

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 25-Jan-2017 2:00 PM EST

Science

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How Much Drought Can a Forest Take?

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Aerial tree mortality surveys show patterns of tree death during extreme drought.

Medicine

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laboratory technology, cell reprogramming, Precision Medicine, Cancer Drug, Cells

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jan-2017 11:00 AM EST

Medicine

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triple negative breast cancer, Drug Resistance, trametinib

Researchers Unlock Mechanism of Drug Resistance in Aggressive Breast Cancer

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In the journal Cancer Discovery, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers and colleagues report findings of how triple negative breast cancer cells are able to bypass treatment with trametinib, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved drug that belongs to a class of commonly used anti-cancer drugs called kinase inhibitors. The researchers also reported findings from laboratory models of breast cancer testing a potential treatment approach that could prevent the onset of resistance.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Addiction, alcholism, Substance Abuse, Addiction, Counseling, Behavior, Social Science

Trusting Relationship with Counselor Vital to Successful Alcohol Treatment

Patients who reported the most positive relationships with their counselors on a session-to-session basis had fewer days of drinking and fewer days of heavy drinking between treatment sessions than patients whose relationship was not as positive. The results indicate that efforts to ensure a good match between patient and counselor can have considerable benefits to the patient’s recovery.

Science

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hypomorphic mutants, Genetic Engineering, poly adenylation

New Genetic Engineering Technique Could Help Design, Study Biological Systems

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A new technique helps biologists tinker with genes, whether the goal is to turn cells into tiny factories churning out medicines or to study their effects on human health. The technique allows scientists to precisely regulate how much protein is produced from a particular gene.

Medicine

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asthma and children, Childhood Asthma, obesity and children, asthma and obesity, respiratory ailments, Respiratory Health

Children with Asthma May Be at Higher Obesity Risk

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Children with asthma may be more likely to become obese later in childhood or in adolescence, according to new research published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Medicine

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Cognitive Decline, SWAN, Women's Health, Menopause

Women’s Cognitive Decline Begins Earlier Than Previously Believed

Mental sharpness in women begins to decline as early as their 50s. Cognitive processing speed, which includes speed of perception and reaction, showed an average decline of around 1 percent every two years and verbal memory declined on average around 1 percent every five years.

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St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, AMKL, pediatric leukemia, next-generation sequencing, Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia, genetic alteration, therapy guidelines

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Jan-2017 11:00 AM EST

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kidney function decline

Low Levels of Circulating Protein Linked to Kidney Function Decline

• Decreased blood levels of a protein called soluble klothos were linked with an increased likelihood of experiencing kidney function decline in a group elderly well-functioning adults.

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alcoholic liver disease, Binge Drinking, heavy drinking, rodent study, liver dysfunction, Liver Damage, Fatty Liver

Think Binge Drinking Is Safer for Your Liver Than Regular Heavy Drinking? Think Again.

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) occurs on a spectrum of severity. The majority of people who drink excessively develop a fatty liver, which though often symptom free, can progress to a state of inflammation, fibrosis, and cell death that can be fatal. Little is known about liver disruption that may occur in problem drinkers who are not alcohol dependent. To help understand the development of ALD, this study used a rodent model to examine differences in liver damage between binge drinkers and heavy drinkers.

Science

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Nanowires, oxide nanowires, Batteries, Lithium

New Low-Cost Technique Converts Bulk Alloys to Oxide Nanowires

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A simple technique for producing oxide nanowires directly from bulk materials could dramatically lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures. That could open the door for a broad range of uses in lightweight structural composites, advanced sensors, electronic devices – and thermally-stable and strong battery membranes able to withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.

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Life

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maternity leave, paternity leave, parental leave

Number of Women Who Take Maternity Leave Has Stalled

The number of U.S. women taking maternity leave has not changed in 22 years despite factors that suggest it should be increasing, a new study found. During the same time, the number of fathers taking paternity leave more than tripled.

Medicine

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Virus, Bacteria communication, Phages, Sorek

Viruses Overheard Talking to One Another

For the first time, viruses have been found to communicate with one another, leaving short “posts” for kin and descendants. The messages help the viruses reading them decide how to proceed with the process of infection, according to Weizmann Institute research.

Medicine

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Cancer, Tumor, Cell Biology, Lung Cancer

Molecular Subgroups of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Predict Tumor Behavior, Reveal Treatment Targets

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EGFR mutations is associated with a longer median overall survival (almost double) compared with those without EGFR mutations when treated with specific targeted agents.







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