Obesity News Source

Thursday 5-Mar-2015

UAB Medicine Wellness News

Alan Gertler, MD - Obesity and Heart Disease

Alan S. Gertler, M.D., associate professor of medicine in UAB’s Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and part of UAB’s Heart & Vascular Service.

–University of Alabama at Birmingham|2013-12-30

Anath Shalev, MD - Type 2 Diabetes

Anath Shalev, M.D., director of the UAB Comprehensive Diabetes Center. Shalev is an internationally recognized authority in endocrinology, pancreatic beta-cell biology and the pathophysiology of diabetes.

–University of Alabama at Birmingham|2013-12-30

Recent Research

Improving Your Fitness Could Improve the Fitness of Your Spouse

Your exercise regimen isn’t just good for you; it may also be good for your spouse. New research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds that if one spouse improves his or her exercise regimen, the other spouse is significantly more likely to follow suit.

–Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|2015-03-05

Gut Bacteria May Decrease Weight Loss From Bariatric Surgery

The benefits of weight loss surgery, along with a treatment plan that includes exercise and dietary changes, are well documented. In addition to a significant decrease in body mass, many patients find their risk factors for heart disease are drastically lowered and blood sugar regulation is improved for those with Type 2 diabetes. Some patients, however, do not experience the optimal weight loss from bariatric surgery. The presence of a specific methane gas-producing organism in the gastrointestinal tract may account for a decrease in optimal weight loss, according to new research by Ruchi Mathur, MD, at Cedars-Sinai.

–Cedars-Sinai Medical Center|2015-03-05

To Reduce Body Fat, Eating Less Fat May Be More Effective than Eating Less Carbohydrate

In adults with obesity, lowering dietary fat may lead to greater body fat loss than lowering dietary carbohydrate, a new study finds. The results will be presented in a poster Thursday, March 5, at ENDO 2015, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in San Diego.

–Endocrine Society|2015-03-05

Restricting Fructose in Obese Latino and African American Children May Reduce Fat Accumulation in Their Liver

In obese Latino and African American children, restricting dietary fructose, but not calories, may decrease liver fat and the conversion of sugar to fat in the liver, a new study finds. The results will be presented in a poster Thursday, March 5, at ENDO 2015, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society in San Diego.

–Endocrine Society|2015-03-05

Fast Food Commercials to Kids 'Deceptive' by Industry Self-Regulation Standards

Fast food ads aimed at kids fail to de-emphasize toy premiums, and fail to emphasize healthy menu items, investigators at Dartmouth-Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center have found.

–Norris Cotton Cancer Center Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center|2015-03-05

Male Partner’s Healthier Lifestyle May Help Infertile Obese Female Conceive

Male partners of infertile obese females may increase the odds of conceiving a child by improving their own weight and dietary habits, preliminary results from a pilot study from Canada suggest. The results will be presented Thursday, March 5, at ENDO 2015, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society in San Diego.

–Endocrine Society|2015-03-05

Oxytocin Nasal Spray Causes Men to Eat Fewer Calories

A synthetic nasal formulation of the hormone oxytocin reduced caloric intake in healthy men, particularly consumption of fatty foods, after a single treatment, a new study finds. The results, to be presented Sunday at The Endocrine Society’s 97th annual meeting in San Diego, confirm those of animal studies showing oxytocin reduces food intake.

–Endocrine Society|2015-03-05

Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors during Pregnancy Affects the Brain Two Generations Later

Prenatal exposure to low doses of the environmental contaminants polychlorinated biphenyls, or PCBs, change the developing brain in an area involved in metabolism, and some effects are apparent even two generations later, a new study finds. Performed in rats, the research will be presented Friday at The Endocrine Society’s 97th annual meeting in San Diego.

–Endocrine Society|2015-03-05

Estimated Costs of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemical Exposure Exceed €150 Billion Annually in EU

A new economic analysis found exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals likely costs the European Union €157 billion ($209 billion) a year in actual health care expenses and lost earning potential, according to a new series of studies published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

–Endocrine Society|2015-03-05

Endocrine Society Publishes Comprehensive Report on Hormone Health Statistics

The Endocrine Society today published the first chapter of a new report compiling the latest peer-reviewed statistics on hormone health conditions into a single resource.

–Endocrine Society|2015-03-04

Fighting Childhood Obesity Among Native Americans

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“Secure, healthy caregiving is just as important as genetic factors in preventing physical and emotional problems,” according to South Dakota State University nursing professor Marylou Mylant. That’s the premise behind research on strengthening families to fight a dramatic increase in obesity among Native American preschoolers. Less than 25 percent of the preschoolers at the intervention site have normal BMIs.

–South Dakota State University|2015-03-03

Published Outcomes Announced From Study on Adolescent Bariatric Surgery Safety

Cardiovascular risks of severe pediatric obesity, assessed among adolescents participating in the “Teen Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery” (Teen-LABS) study, were published this week in JAMA Pediatrics.

–Nationwide Children's Hospital|2015-03-02

Neurons Controlling Appetite Made From Skin Cells

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Researchers have for the first time successfully converted adult human skin cells into neurons of the type that regulate appetite, providing a patient-specific model for studying the neurophysiology of weight control and testing new therapies for obesity.

–Columbia University Medical Center|2015-02-27

Feast-and-Famine Diet Could Extend Life, Study Shows

Think of it as interval training for the dinner table.

–University of Florida|2015-02-27

Impact of a Supermarket on Children’s Diets

Locating full-service supermarkets within neighborhoods considered to be “food deserts” may not result in healthful dietary habits or reductions in childhood obesity -- at least in the short term, according to a new study by NYU Langone Medical Center researchers in the February 26th online edition of the journal Public Health Nutrition.

–NYU Langone Medical Center|2015-02-26

Widely Used Food Additive Promotes Colitis, Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome, Research Shows

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Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes the development of inflammatory bowel disease and metabolic syndrome, new research shows.

–Georgia State University|2015-02-25

New Research Provides First Glimpse of Weight Gain Guidance for Pregnant Women with Obesity

New research in the journal Obesity provides the first glimpse of weight-gain guidance for pregnant women with various classes of obesity based on body mass index (BMI), and suggests that they not gain any weight until mid-pregnancy or later.

–Obesity Society|2015-02-24

It’s Tough to Shift That Weight, McMaster Studies Show

The McMaster Evidence Review and Synthesis Centre reviewed hundreds of recent studies about overweight and obesity published in the past decade. The last of its five related papers was published today.

–McMaster University|2015-02-24

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked More Closely to Diabetes than Obesity

People who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes, regardless of how much they weigh, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

–Endocrine Society|2015-02-23

Molecular Link between Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Reveals Potential Therapy

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Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that the inflammatory molecule LTB4 promotes insulin resistance, a first step in developing type 2 diabetes. What’s more, the team found that genetically removing the cell receptor that responds to LTB4, or blocking it with a drug, improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice. The study is published Feb. 23 by Nature Medicine.

–University of California, San Diego Health Sciences|2015-02-23

About UAB

The Obesity News Source is a joint project by Newswise and UAB Medicine to promote obesity research and clinical news to the public and news media.

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